August 31, 2020
For educational institutions
(lectures, classes, texts etc.)
⟶ Updated 11 days ago ⟶
List of edits
7 months ago
11 months ago
Freud published his “Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality”
UN Convention on the Rights of the Child
"A Token For Children" by James Janeway
"Alice's Adventures in Wonderland" by Lewis Carroll
Children’s Employment Commission
Philippe Aries published his “Centuries of Childhood: A Social History of Family Life”
John Locke published his "Some Thoughts Concerning Education”
Jean Jacques Rousseau published “Emile”
"Ode: Intimations of Immortality from Recollections of Early Childhood" by William Wordsworth
Jack Zipes published his “Sticks and Stones: The Troublesome Success of Children’s Literature”
John Everett Millais 'Cherry Ripe'
'Portrait of Penelope Boothby' by Joshua Reynolds
Lewis Carroll's 'Alice Liddell as a beggar maid'
"Farewell to Arms" by Ernest Hemingway
Battle of Waterloo
Slavery Abolition Act
Charlotte Bronte heard the lectures of Frederick Douglass
Charlie Chaplin film about getting caught in the cogs of production
NB: Camera lens' were very large and a subject had to stay very still
Electricity Supply Act
F.W.H. Myers cites Freud's writings on hysteria as evidence for life after death
Freud published his "Studies in Hysteria"
Rivers published his "Instincts and the Unconsious"
Lawrence published his "Psychoanalysis and the Unconscious"
Lawrence published his "Fantasia of the Unconscious"
Medico-Psychological Clinic report
"A Doll's House" by Henrik Ibsen
The Indian Revolution
Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood appeared in Britain (1850s)
Impressionism became a visible movement (1870s)
Panama–Pacific International Exposition in San Francisco
Exhibition of Futurist paintings in London
"The Blind Assassin" by Margaret Atwood
"If on a Winter's Night a Traveller" by Italo Calvino
"The Crying of Lot 49" By Thomas Pynchon
Fall of the Berlin Wall
"One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest" by Ken Kesey
"To Kill a Mockingbird" by Harper Lee
"Catch-22" by Joesph Heller
"1984" by George Orwell
"Of Mice and Men" by John Steinbeck
"The Waste Land" by T.S. Eliot "Ulysses" by James Joyce
"Metamorphosis" by Franz Kafka
"The Great Gatsby" by F. Scott Fitzgerald
Global Financial Crisis
The Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini of Iran issued a fatwa ordering Rushdie's death
'Black Monday' stock market crash
Cuban Missile Crisis
"Waiting for Godot" by Samuel Beckett
Women received full suffrage
Sigmund Freud published 'The Interpretation of Dreams'
Kodak 'box camera' introduced
J.G. Frazer published 'The Golden Bough'
Motion pictures introduced to the public
"The Heart of Darkness" by Joesph Conrad
Einstein proposes his theory of relativity
Pablo Picasso "Guernica"
Marcel Duchamp "Fountain"
Matisse "The Dance"
Gay marriage legalised in the UK 'Black Lives Matter' founded
IRA bombing in Manchester
End of apartheid in South Africa
Miners' strike over pit closures
Huge cow and sheep cull to stop the spread of disease
"Wish You Were Here" by Graham Swift
"The Room and the Chair" by Lorraine Adams
"The Blind Man's Garden" by Nadeem Aslam
Timotheus Vermeulen and Robin van den Akker proposed the concept of metamodernism
Timotheus Vermeulen and Robin van den Akker - ‘Notes on Metamodernism’
Luke Turner - ‘The Metamodernist Manifesto’
John Barth’s famous essay “The Literature of Exhaustion”
Northrop Frye ‘Anatomy of Criticism’
Hayden White ‘Metahistory’
Evelyn Waugh - ‘Vile Bodies’
John Maynard Keynes’ ‘Economic Consequences of Peace’
Alexander Korda’s film of H.G. Wells’ ‘Things to Come’
Andreas Vesalius ‘De humani corporis fabrica libri septem’
"Pamela" by Samuel Richardson David Hume published ‘Treatise of Human Nature’
Concept of the 'novel' exists
- rising notions of autonomy, agency, and self-consciousness
John Locke published his "Essay Concerning Human Understanding "
- more than twice as many literate Britons in the 18th century as at the beginning of the 17th
- at least 60% of men and 40% of women in Britain could read and write
“On Murder Considered as One of the Fine Arts” by De Quincey
“Ode on the Grecian Urn” by John Keats
Edgar Allan Poe “The Poetic Principle”
"A Rebours" by Joris-Karl Huysmans
Alexandre Dumas: ’La Da me Aux Camelias’
Robert Chambers published his "Vestiges of the Natural History of Creation"
Théodule Ribot published "The Maladies of Memory"
"Heat of the Day" by Elizabeth Bowen
"Jane Eyre" by Charlotte Bronte
- population boom - popular disturbance
"Mary Barton" by Elizabeth Gaskell
Edwin Chadwick published his "Report on the Sanitary Conditions of the Labouring Population of Great Britain"
"North and South" by Elizabeth Gaskell
Manchester officially a city
John Locke published his "Two Treatises of Government"
"Paradise Lost" by John Milton
"Love in Excess" by Eliza Haywood "Robinson Crusoe" by Daniel Defoe
"Frankenstein" by Mary Shelley
Charles Darwin published his "On the Origin of the Species"
"Gulliver's Travels" by Jonathan Swift
"The Medium is the Massage" by Marshall McLuhan
"The Golden House" by Salman Rushdie
"Midnight's Children" by Salman Rushdie
(early 1920s) - experiments carried out by Lev Kuleshov
Vertov's 'Man with a Movie Camera'
Rushdie said publically that he regretted embracing Islam in the wake of 'The Satanic Verses' controversy
"Infinite Jest" by David Foster Wallace
"The Postmodern Condition: A Report on Knowledge" by Jean-Francois Lyotard
"Of Grammatology" by Jacques Derrida
"Harrison Bergeron" by Kurt Vonnegut
"What Maisie Knew" by Henry James
“Structure, Sign, and Play in the Discourse of the Human Sciences” by Jacques Derrida
Toni Morrison Published ‘Beloved’
"The Savage Mind" by Levi-Strauss
"Monday or Tuesday" by Virginia Woolf
'The Artist is Here' by Marina Abramović
"A Tale of a Tub" and "Battle of the Books" by Jonathan Swift
Jean Jacques Rousseau published "The Social Contract"
"Songs of Innocence and Experience" by William Blake
Robert Burton published his "Anatomy of Melancholy"
Lapse of the Press Licensing Act
"The Mechanical Operation of the Spirit" by Descartes
"The Pilgrim's Progress" by John Bunyan
"Lyrical Ballads" by Samuel Taylor Coleridge and William Wordsworth
"La Belle Dame Sans Merci" by John Keats
Publication of the Authorised Version of the Bible
François Turretin published "Institutes of Elenctic Theology"
Act penalising placing bets on the outcome of war with France
"The Sorrows of Young Werther" by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
Act of Toleration
"Don Quixote" by Miguel de Cervantes
"Meditations on First Philosophy" by Rene Descartes
"Levithan" by Thomas Hobbes
"The Tenure of Kings and Magistrates" by John Milton
South Sea Bubble
"Moll Flanders" by Daniel Defoe
"The Dunciad" by Alexander Pope
"The Rape of the Lock" by Alexander Pope
"The Illiad' by Homer
"The Aeneid" by Virgil
"The Odyssey" by Homer
"Metamorphoses" by Ovid
"Mont Blanc" by Percy Shelley
William Wotton published "Reflections on Ancient and Modern Learning"
Founding of the Eugenics Society
"Clarissa" by Samuel Richardson
"Windsor Forest" by Alexander Pope
"The Lady's Dressing Room" by Jonathan Swift
"An Inventory of a Lady's Dressing Room" by Elizabeth Thomas
Alexander Pope told Joseph Spence that Virgil was a “slavish” political writer whose Aeneid did not have one honest line
- "The Critic" by Richard Sheridan - Samuel Johnson published "Lives of the English Poets"
The Spanish Armada
Theatrical Licensing Act
London Theatre in some disarray
Robert Walpole was prosecuted and imprisoned
Oliver Goldsmith published his "Essay enquiring into the Present State of Polite Learning in Europe"
"Pizarro" by Richard Sheridan
'The Glorious Revolution'
"The School for Scandal" by Richard Sheridan
"The Country Wife" by William Wycherley
Theatre Warrant passed
First female actress
Founding of the Bank of England
Samuel Johnson formed “The Club”
Spain declared war on England
"The Frogs" by Aristophanes
Jeremy Collier published his Short View of the Immorality and Profaneness of the English Stage
"The Man of Mode" by George Etherege
"The Rover" by Aphra Behn
"The Relapse" by John Vanbrugh
Society for the Reformation of Manners was founded
Cornhill Magazine - approached 100,000 with first issue
- first intercity railway journey originated in Liverpool
Chamber’s Edinburgh Journal
taxes on newspapers were abolished
Act of Parliament that founded free libraries
opening of Mudie’s Select Library in New Oxford Street
E.B. Taylor published "The Religion of Savages"
William Paley published his "Natural Theology"
John Draper published his "History of the Conflict between Religion and Science"
Andrew White published "The Warfare of Science with Theology in Christendom"
Isaac Newton published "Principia"
Copernicus published his "On the Revolutions of the Celestial Spheres"
Kepler published his first two laws of planetary motion
"In Memoriam" by Alfred Lord Tennyson
Death of Arthur Hallam
England had a population of 9 million
England has a population of 25-26 million
Freidrich Engels published "The Condition of the Working Class in England in 1844"
Engels and Marx published "The Communist Manifesto"
John Ruskin published "The Storm-Cloud of the Nineteenth Century"
John Ruskin published "Fors Clavigera"
Lord Ashley's Act
First Factory Act
Second Factory Act
Ten Hours Act
(BE WARY) national literacy rate rose to 97% for both sexes
Second Reform Bill
Town Improvement Act
Combination Act repealed
John Dryden published his preface to "All for Love"
Emmanuel Kant published his First Critique "The Critique of Pure Reason"
John Dryden published his preface to "An Evening's Love"
264 titles published
'The Literary Magazine'
Samuel Johnson's Rambler 156
Joseph Addison spectator edition
Richard Bentley published "Milton’s Paradise Lost: A New Edition"
'London Magazine' founded
'Edinburgh Review' founded
'Quartley review' founded
London had 550+ coffee houses
first public exhibition of paintings
Act of Union with Scotland
Samuel Taylor Coleridge published his "Aids to Reflection"
First Reform Bill
Poor Law Amendment Act
3 parks opened in Manchester
"The Yellow Wallpaper" by Charlotte Perkins Gilman
"Cassandra" by Florence Nightingale
Minerva Press Circulating Library
John Ruskin published Sesame and Lilies featuring ‘Of Queen’s Gardens’
Emma Paterson founded the Women's Protective and Provident League
Emma Paterson published "The Organisation of Women's Industry"
England has a population of 21 million
Governesses' Benevolence Institution
"Agnes Grey" by Anne Bronte "Wuthering Heights" by Emily Bronte
"Vanity Fair" by William Makepeace Thackeray
Mary Wollstonecraft published "A Vindication of the Rights of Women"
"The Ruined Maid" by Thomas Hardy
'The Awakening Conscience' by William Holman Hunt
"The Lady of Shalott" by Alfred Lord Tennyson
'Past and present, No. 1' by Augustus Leopold Egg
'Past and present, No. 2' by Augustus Leopold Egg
'Past and present, No. 3' by Augustus Leopold Egg
'The Outcast' by Richard Redgrave
'Found' by Dante Gabriel Rossetti
'Found Drowned' by G.F. Watts
'Work' by Ford Madox Brown
Up until this point - marriage, family, sexual roles were assumed to belong to the natural condition of man
James Mill published his "Essay on Government"
William Thompson published his "Appeal on Behalf of Women" CF: 1820 James Mill's Essay on Government
John Stuart Mill published his "Principles of Political Economy"
John Stuart Mill published his "Thoughts on Parliamentary Reform"
John Stuart Mill gave a speech on "The Admission of Women to the Electoral Franchise"
Year of revolution (French Revolution)
John Stuart Mill published "The Subjection of Women"
"Amours de Voyage" by Arthur Hugh Clough
Defeat of Chartism
Martin Luther's 95 Theses
French attack on the Roman Republic
"Pictures from Italy" by Charles Dickens
Thomas Cook advertisments
'Modern Rome' by J.M.W Turner
'Tintern Abbey' by J.M.W Turner
'Rain, Steam and Speed – The Great Western Railway' by J.M.W Turner
'Modern Rome' by Giovanni Paolo Panini
'Ancient Rome' by Giovanni Paolo Panini
"Absalom and Achitophel" by John Dryden
"Epistles to Several Persons: Epistle II: To a Lady on the Characters of Women" by Alexander Pope
Edmund Burke published "A Philosophical Enquiry into the Origin of Our Ideas of the Sublime and Beautiful"
William Gilpin published "Observations on the River Wye,.." and Several Parts of South Wales, etc. Relative Chiefly to Picturesque Beauty; made in the Summer of the Year 1770"
"Amours de Voyage" by Arthur Hugh Clough written
Initiation of Bradshaw's Guidebooks
End of the Napoleonic Wars
1860s: Thomas Cook holds tours to Italy, Switzerland, Egypt and the US
"The Castle of Otranto" by Horace Walpole
1750s: increasing rejection of the civilising process
Rise of Napoleon
William Gilpin published "On Picturesque Beauty"
"Tintern Abbey" by William Wordsworth
Steam vessels began crossing the English Channel
Samuel Johnson produced the English dictionary
Henri Bergson published "Time and Free Will"
Holinshed published his Chronicle
Abraham Fleming published the significantly expanded and revised second edition of Holinshed's Chronicles
10-14 AD ish. Reign of Cunobelinus (Cymbeline)
Julius Caesar’s second expedition
Act to Restrain the Abuses of the Players
Fugitive Slave Act
"Rhinoceros" by Eugene Ionesco
'Ancient Rome' by J.M.W Turner
"Joseph Andrews" by Henry Fielding
John Locke published 'Essay Concerning Toleration'
post-1780: most poets lived outside London/ Italy
Great Western Railway founded
'Zang Tumb Tuuum' by Marinetti
First Folio published
"Shakespeare's Sonnets" published by Thomas Thorpe
William Jaggard published "The Passionate Pilgrim"
"Venus and Adonis" by William Shakespeare
"The Rape of Lucrece" by William Shakespeare
"Euphues" by John Lyly
Thomas Bright published his "Treatise of Melancholy"
Bethlehem Hospital had its administrative status consolidated
Vives published his influential treatise "De Subventione Pauperum"
"The Spanish Tragedy" by Thomas Kyd
"Tamburlaine" "Doctor Faustus" by Christopher Marlowe
"The Jew of Malta" by Christopher Marlowe
"Edward II" by Christopher Marlowe
"Three Books of Occult Philosophy" by Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa
Elizabeth's Book of Common Prayer
"Daemonologie" by King James I
"The Ordinal of Alchemy" by Thomas Norton
"The Alchemist" by Ben Jonson
"The Discovery of Witchcraft" by Reginald Scot
"Witchcraft pamphlet: A Rehearsal both Strange and True"
"Of Cannibals" by Michel de Montaigne
"The Tempest" by John Dryden and William D'Avenant first performed
"The Tempest" opera by Thomas Shadwell
First performance of 'The Tempest'
Robert Greene published his "Greene's Groats-Worth of Wit"
"The Phoenix and the Turtle" by William Shakespeare
"The Shepheardes Calender" by Edmund Spenser
"The Faerie Queene" by Edmund Spenser
Norton Shakespeare: Based on the Oxford Edition
Colin Burrow’s Complete Sonnets and Poems from Oxford World’s Classics
Chatterton Lecture on Poetry, ‘Life and Work in Shakespeare’s Poems’
Little Ice Age
"Glaucus and Scilla" by Thomas Lodge
"Narcissus" "Cephalus and Procris" by Thomas Edwards "Oenone and Paris" by Thomas Heywood
"Hero and Leander" by Christopher Marlowe
Publication of Arthur Golding's translation of Ovid's Metamorphoses
'Cymbeline' performed at Blackfriars
'Cymbeline' performed at the Globe
"The Most Virtuous and Godly Susanna" by Thomas Garter
"The Whore of Babylon" by Thomas Dekker
John Shakespeare charged twice for recusancy
Foxe's Book of Martyrs
Elizabeth is excommunicated
Rising of the Northern Earls
"The First Blast of the Trumpet Against the Monstrous Regiment of Women" by John Knox
Elizabethan Church Settlement
"Holy Sonnet 18" by John Donne
Depictions of English history were banned from the stage by bishops
closing of the Athenian Academy by Justinian
Publication of the "Outlines of Pyrrhonism" by Sextus Empiricus (ancient sceptic)
Montaigne published his "Apology for Raymond Sebond"
Hans Gieng's statue on the Gerechtigkeitsbrunnen (Fountain of Justice)
Publication of Tottel's 'Songs and Sonnets'
Baldassare Castiglione published "The Book of the Courtier"
Population of London is 60,000
Population of London is 120,000
Pico della Mirandola published "Oration on the Dignity of Man"
"In Praise of Folly" by Erasmus
Thomas Preston’s "King Cambises"
Edward Oldcorne (a Catholic priest) was executed
Benedictine monk (later St. Augustine) arrives in Kent
Norman Conquest (Battle of Hastings)
Beginning of Middle English literature
"Morte Darthur" by Sir Thomas Malory is printed by William Caxton
Completion of Bede's "Ecclesiastical History of the English People"
12th century: beginning of writing on paper instead of parchmment
St. Jerome completes the Vulgate
"Book of the Duchess" by Geoffrey Chaucer
Richard II murdered
Execution of Willliam Sawtre
Hnery V defeats French at Agincourt
English burnt Joan of Arc at Rouen
William Caxton sets up first printing press in England
"The Rule of Saint Benedict" by St. Benedict
Estimated end of Old English
First record of Geoffrey Chaucer
Chaucer is ransomed in one of Edward III's campaigns during Hundred Years' War
Chaucer took part in a diplomatic mission to Spain
Chaucer took part in a diplomatic mission to France
Chaucer took part in a diplomatic mission to Italy
Romans start building Hadrian's Wall
St. Patrick goes to Ireland to convert the Irish to Christianity
Battle of Mount Badon
500s: Scots move from Ireland to land of the Picts (now called Scotland)
Synod of Whitby
Danes/ vikings arrive
Danish king Svein Forkbeard attacks Ethelred the Unready who flees to Normandy
Cnut (son of Svein Forkbeard) becomes king of England
Edward the Confessor (son of Ethelred) becomes king of England
Invasion by Isabella of France
Battle of Poitiers
Year of the black death
The Black Prince died
c. 1230 first 4,000 ish lines of "Roman de la Rose" by Guillaume de Lorris (Romance of the Rose)
Chaucer took part in a diplomatic mission to Italy
Chaucer took part in a diplomatic mission to Florence
(DATES UNKNOWN) "The Parliament of Fowls" by Chaucer "The Legend of Good Women" by Chaucer
"Consolation of Philosophy" by Boethius
Murder of Thomas a Becket
Doomsday Book completed
King John seals the Magna Carta
Ciompi (cloth workers) rebelled in Florence
Cathedral of Florence
Pope Gregory XI moved back to Rom died soon after Pope Urban VI elected in Rome Pope Clement VII elected in Avignon
Finally a single Pope Martin V was elected
Ottomans captured the capital of the Byzantine Empire (Constantinople)
Treaty of Troyes
Pope Boniface VIII
Unam Sanctam 'One Holy'
Philip arranged the election of a French Pope (Clement V)
"Jeu du prince des sots (Play of the Prince of Fools)" by Pierre Gringore
William Tyndale's translation of the New Testament
William Tyndale's translation of the Pentateuch (first five books of the Hebrew Bible)
the work of William Tyndale and Miles Coverdale provides the basis for the Great Bible
Geneva Bible - produced by Marian exiles in Geneva
King James' Bible
William Tyndale 'The Obedience of a Christian Man'
John Calvin 'The Institution of Christian Religion'
Book of Common Prayer
Book of Homilies
Thomas Warton published "The History of English Poetry"
‘Statute of Pleading’ was passed
(sometime before 1250) Guilielmus Peraldus wrote "Summa Vitiorum"
late 12th/ early 13th century - Geoffrey of Monmouth wrote material of the legend Merlin
c.1190 "Perceval, le Conte du Graal", by Chrétien de Troyes
"The Prose Lancelot" of the Vulgate cycle written
The Vulgate Estoire del Saint Grail and The Vulgate Estoire de Merlin of the Vulgate Cycle added to the c.1215 section
(between 1240 and 1250) The Post-Vulgate Cycle written
c.1275 another 17,000 lines of Roman de la Rose by Jean de Meun
c. 1375 "The Brus" by John Barbour
Passing of the De Heretico Comburendo
Passing of Arundel’s Constitutions
1350s: Britain dominating in the 100 Years' War increased French influence
Thynne's printing of Henryson's 'The Testament of Cresseid'
Charteris print of 'The Testament of Cresseid'
Third Lateran Council
Protestant Anne Askew called in for questioning
Statute of Jewry
Expulsion of Jews from England
Act of Heretics and Lollards (in Scotland)
Lollard rising led by Sir John Oldcastle was quickly defeated by Henry V
(before 1530s) old Lollard and the new Protestant forces had begun to merge
Thomas More "Utopia"
Gavin Douglas’ "Palice of Honour"
1470s: Early Modern English developed with the help of William Caxton's printing press
1540s: Early Modern English began after the printing and wide distribution of the English Bible and Prayer Book
"The Eneados" by Gavin Douglas - translation into Middle Scots of the Latin Virgil's Aeneid
"The Spanish Tragedy" by Thomas Kyd
Sir David Lyndsay's Middle Scots satirical morality play "A Satire of the Three Estates" is first performed, privately
"The Prince" by Machiavelli
"Essays" by Montaigne
"The Duchess of Malfi" by John Webster
Erasmus said that a layman was insulted if he were called a cleric, a priest, or a monk
Concordat of Bologna signed
"The Praise of Folly" by Erasmus
"The Colloquies" by Erasmus
"Handbook for the Christian Warrior" by Erasmus
From 1514: Wolsey is Henry's chief minister
Cardinal Wolsey falls
1525/ 1527: HRE Charles V gained territory in the Italien states after victory against Francis I of France in the battle of Pavia
Act of Supremacy
Act abolished appeals to Rome
Bishop Fisher of Rochester beheaded
Thomas More beheaded
Thomas Cromwell beheaded
Act of Six Articles
Failure of the Prebenderies Plot
Execution of Charles I
Francis Bacon 'Of Truth' Essay
Aphra Behn "Oroonoko"
The Atlantic published 'The Flowering of the Hippies'
Students protested at Berkeley University to champion civil rights and demand free speech
End of the Vietnam War
La'Umana Fragilita, by Salvator Rosa
'Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard' by Thomas Gray
Frans Hals, 'Young Man with a Skull'
Philippe de Champaigne's Vanitas
Danse Macabre, Op. 40 by Camille Saint-Saëns
Philosophers: - Erasmus - Thomas More - Machiavelli
Philosophers: - Francis Bacon -Galileo - Descartes - Hobbes
Philosophers: - Spinoza - Locke
Philosophers: - Berkeley - Hume
Philosophers: - Rousseau - Burke - Wollstonecraft - Bentham - Kant - Schiller - Fichte
Philosophers: - Schelling - Hegel - Lamarck - Kierkegaard
Philosophers: - Mark - Engels - Darwin - J.S Mill
Philosophers: - Nietzsche - Durkheim - William James - Charlotte Perkins Gilman
Philosophers: - Freud - Weber - Bergson - Husserl - Saussure
Philosophers: - Heidegger - Sartre - Camus - Jaspers - Adorno - Beauvoir - Wittegenstein
Philosophers: - Merleau-Ponty - Simone Weil - Hannah Arendt - Jacques Lacan - Paul Riceour - Althusser - Derrida - Foucault
Philosophers: - Lyotard - Umberto Eco - Helene Cixous
'Waltz of the Flowers' by Tchaikovsky
Pieter Bruegel, 'Children's Games'
'Stormy Weather', musical comedy
First edition of the gay erotic zine 'Straight to Hell' was published
G.E. Moore published "Proof of an External World"
T.S. Eliot published "Old Possum's Book of Practical Cats"
Pullman introduced his sleeping car onto his night train
Air conditioning on trains
Andrew Martin published “Night Trains”
Paula Hawkins published “Girl on the Train”
Nagelmackers began running the Orient Express
Vladimir Nabokov published “Glory”
Post-war Education Act
"How to be Both" by Ali Smith
Late 1950s: New Wave French Film
‘The Anatomie of Abuses’ by Philip Stubbs
‘A Christmas Glasse for Christian Women’
‘Are moriendi’ text
Second (first in 1415) Of the Ars Moriendi texts
‘Schools of Abuse, containing a pleasant invective against Poets, Pipers, Plaiers, Jesters and such like Caterpillars of the Commonwealth’ by Stephen Gosson
Mid-1970s: British independent film making had really coalesced into a movement
Election of Margaret Thatcher
Channel 4 came on air (Opened up new possibilities for television)
1960s: beginning of the challenge to the male gaze
Laura Mulvey’s film ‘Frida Kahlo and Tina Modotti’
‘The Death of the Author’, Roland Barthes
‘What is an Author?’, Michel Foucault
‘The Intentionality Fallacy’, Wimsatt and Beardsley
‘Course in General Linguistics’, By Ferdinand de Saussure
The Examiner published An article ‘The Dreary Revels of S.F. ‘Gay’ Clubs’
Roe vs. Wade
Largest Women’s March
The Mexican Revolution
Hollywood’s ‘Gentlemen Prefer Blondes’
‘Vertigo’ by Alfred Hitchcock
‘Psycho’, by Alfred Hitchcock
‘Womanhouse’ art installation, By Judy Chicago
1990s: Postcolonial Criticism emerges
Edward Said published ‘Culture and Imperialism’
Gayatri Spivak Published ‘In Other Worlds’
Bill Ashcroft Published ‘The Empire Writes Back’
Edward Said Published ‘Orientialism’
Alice Walker published 'The Colour Purple'
Toni Morrison published 'The Bluest Eye'
"Why I'm No Longer Talking to White People About Race" by Reni Eddo-Lodge
Abolition of Slavery Act
Prints of the slave ship Brookes were published
The Society for the Abolition of the Slave Trade established
Black History Month was first celebrated in the UK
Empire Windrush docked
British Nationality Act
The League of Coloured Peoples
British East India Company founded
Christopher Columbus encountered the Americas
1920s (and 1930s) Research into mixed race children
Commonwealth Immigration Act
Police power of Stop and Search introduced
March against Black Muggers
Death of Stephen Lawrence
First Black MPs in Parliament
End of Apartheid in South Africa
"The Lonely Londoners" by Sam Selvon
"Wide Sargasso Sea" by Jean Rhys
"Things Fall Apart" by Chinua Achebe
Assassination of Martin Luther King
"The Life and Times of Michael K." by J.M. Coetzee
Ngugi wa Thiong'o published "Decolonising the Mind: The Politics of Language in African Literature"
Chandra Mohanty published "Under Western Eyes"
'Koyaanisqatsi' by Godfrey Reggio and Philip Glass
'Beats of the Southern Wild' by Benh Zeitlin
Hurricane Katrina in New Orleans
Thomas Malthus published "An Essay on the Principle of Population"
'The Breakfast Club' by John Hughes
'9 to 5'
Mid-1970s: Women started speaking up against sexual harassment in the workplace
Rousseau published: "Discourse on the Origin of Inequality"
'Bliss', a short story by Katherine Mansfield
Peg Entwistle jumped from the Hollywood sign
Late 1910: Golden Age of Hollywood
Amelie by Jean-Pierre Jeunet
Mulholland Drive by David Lynch
Waking Life by Richard Linklater
Donnie Darko by Richard Kelly
Hollywood's 'Singin' in the Rain' starring Gene Kelly and Debbie Reynolds
'Once Upon a Time in Hollywood' by Quentin Tarantino
Sandy Hook shooting
Columbine High School Massacre
'Portrait of a Lady on Fire' by Céline Sciamma
'Last Year At Marienbad' by Alain Resnais
'A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man' by James Joyce
'Moments of Being' (a series of posthumously published essays) by Virginia Woolf
First version of Richard Strauss' opera 'Ariadne auf Naxos'
"Bourgeois Gentilhomme" by Moliere first performed
Gutenberg created the printing press
Storming of the Bastille
Declaration of the Rights of Men
Olympes de Gouges published "Declaration of the Rights of Woman"
Hegel published "The Phenomenology of Spirit"
"The Road" published by Cormac McCarthy
Freud published "The Resistances to Psychoanalysis"
Nietzsche published, "The Birth of Tragedy"
'The Education of Henry Adams' published
First Anglo-Afghan War
Second Anglo-Afghan war
First Boer War
Second Boer War
'Age of Empire'
'The Yellow Book' ran
'Scrutiny: A Quarterly Review' ran
Mary Wroth in ‘Pamphilia to Amphilanthus’
Wyndham Lewis and Ezra Pound - ringleaders of Vorticism
"Tristram Shandy" by Laurence Sterne
English Civil War
“A Collection of Poems by Several Hands” by Robert Dodsley
Corn Laws enforced in Great Britain
First years of Irish Famine
Eliza Haywood "The Female Spectator"
Age of Sensibility
William IV Reign
George IV Reign
George III Reign
George II Reign
George I Reign
Queen Anne Reign
William/ Mary Reign
James II Reign
Charles II Reign
Elizabeth I Reign
Charles I Reign
James I Reign
Government of Robert Walpole
The Exclusion Crisis
Sporadic pamphlet war (beginning with Jeremy Collier)
Drury Lane: Shakespeare made up 20% of the total repertoire
Edinburgh Review and Quarterly Review reached peak circulations of 13,000
Charles Lyell published his "Principles of Geology"
"Pickwick Papers" by Charles Dickens
"North and South" by Elizabeth Gaskell
'Gentlemen's Magazine' periodical
83 Italian composers were resident in London
Charles Dickens travelled in Italy
Emergence of the 'Grand Tour'
Emergence of the 'picturesque'
Craze for Ossian
REIGN OF TERROR
FRANCE AND BRITAIN AT WAR
Rise and initial effects of steam transport
Modernism: 1890s - end of 1920s
"A New System of Chemical Philosophy" by John Dalton
Henry VIII reign
Edward VI Reign
Mary I Reign
Theatres closed due to plague
Romance narratives were being frequently adapted to stage
'Mucedorus' first performed around this time
Performance of 'Oten' sometime in this period
Christine de Pisan
Marprelate Tracts scandal
Reign of Augustus Caesar
Estimated period in which Jesus was born
Writing of the Old Testament
Writing of the New Testament
Life of Clement of Alexandria
Shakespeare wrote his sonnet sequence
Roman invasion and occupation of Britain
King Alfred Reign
Henry II Reign
Geoffrey Chaucer "Piers Plowman" by William Langland "Sir Gawain and the Green Knight" by the Pearl poet
Geoffrey of Monmouth's Latin "History of the Kings of Britain"
Chretien de Troyes
Dante Algheri began writing the 'Divine Comedy'
"Sir Gawain and the Green Knight"
"Troilus and Criseyde" by Geoffrey Chaucer
Chaucer is working on "The Canterbury Tales"
"Confessio Amantis" by John Gower
"The Book of Margery Kempe" by Margery Kempe
Wakefield mystery cycle "Second Shephed's Play"
Hundred Years' War
Henry IV Reign
Wars of the Roses
William the Conquerer Reign
Henry I Reign
King Stephen Reign
Chaucer is controller of customs on wool, sheepskins, and leather for the port of London
Offa (king of Mercia) builds Offa's Dyke on the border between England and Wales
Kenneth Mac Alpin unites Picts and Scots
Edward II Reign
Edward III Reign
Richard II Reign
Henry V Reign
Henry VI Reign
Edward IV Reign
Edward V Reign
Richard III reign
Henry VII Reign
Chaucer worked as a justice of the peace and knight of the shire for Kent
Chaucer becomes clerk of the king's works
"The House of Fame" by Chaucer (written sometime in this period)
The Western Schism (Great Schism)
The Little Ice Age
Rather bizarrely, a third Pope was elected in this period
King John Reign
Richard the Lionheart reign
Earliest recorded paper manuscripts in England
Queen Philippa in power as wife of Edward III
Eight major crusade missions
Great Council of the Church
More than 100 editions of the Bible printed
British New Wave film
Judy Chicago’s ‘The Dinner Party’
Margaret Thatcher as Prime Minister
World War 1
World War 2
The Cold War
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