August 31, 2020
For educational institutions
⟶ Updated 11 Oct 2018 ⟶
List of edits
THALASSAEMIA WAS DISCOVERED thalassaemia was first discovered by a Detroit physician. he discover- ed it by doing tests on children with severe anaemia, poor growth, huge abnormal organs, and early childhood death. even though they found the disease they still weren't to sure what caused the disease
FOUND THE CAUSE they found what was causing the disease. they found that it was a genetic disorder, it is where the haemoglobin gene was abnormal - on the chromosome there are two genes that control haemoglobin 11 & 16 and usually the one that causes the most common form of thalassaemia was the 11th one.
FIRST TREATMENT in the early 60's they found a treatment that could prolong the life of people who suffered from thalassaemia. the first real treatment that worked was to do monthly blood transfusions, this helped by replacing all of the patients defe- cted red blood cells with new ones. This gave people another few years and most people with thalassaemia lived to their teen years
SECOND TREATMENT after discovering that monthly blood transfusions caused an overload of iron in the body they went to work to create a drug that could help with the iron overload. the drug they created was desferoxamine.
FURTHER DEVELOPMENT INTO TREATMENTS today there are a few more treatments that are available to thalassaemia patients. they still do monthly blood transfusions to replace the abnor- mal red blood cells, but today they now have two oral drugs that can be taken to help with the iron overload which is much more manageable for the patients which leads to a better quality of life.
FURTHER DEVELOPMENT INTO TREATMENTS today they can do genetic tests so that people who are thinking of having children can see if they are a carrier for the disorder and can find out the possibilities of them having an affected child and can prepare themselves for it.
FUTURE DEVELOPMENTS even though thalassaemia may never be curable doctors and researches are constantly looking for more ways to improve the quality of life patients with thalassaemia have.
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