June 30, 2021
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⟶ Updated 19 Feb 2020 ⟶
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Flying Shuttle Invented by John Kay 1733
The Flying Shuttle was crucial to the textile industry of the industrial revolution as it allowed workers to spool higher amounts and/of wider fabrics later on allowing and prompting machines to be automated. It would have an impact since it was the main influence to James Hargreeves for his Spinning Jenny in 1764. Multiple workers would be required to operate the Flying Shuttle due to its unnaturally heavyweight and impractical operation. The flying shuttle was used with the Spinning Jenny and rep
Spinning Jenny Invented by James Hargreeves 1764
The Spinning Jenny was an invention that allowed one worker to simultaneously spin 8 spools of yarn or cotton. This allowed mass production of usable materials which helped contribute to the rise in factory use and efficiency which also affected urbanisation rates due to the increase in usable product needed more workers. Due to its help in the rise in production and jobs its credited to be one of the main inventions that started the industrial revolution.
Spinning Mule Invented by Samual Crompton 1779
self spinning mule Invented by Samual Crompton 1824
The Spinning Mule was a modified version of the spinning jenny which relied upon a water wheel on a neighbouring river to turn the handle so the worker could have two to turn the wheel. Although the efficiency of factories increased it made it so to get the water-powered spinning mule you would have to be located next to a flowing water source.
The Self Spinning Mule was the last iteration of the Spinning Jerry during the industrial revolution which allowed the machine to be powered by a steam engine. This meant that the Self Spinning Mule could be more efficient being built from 8 spools at once to up to 120. The Self Spinning Mule paired with the Flying Shuttle allowed little personnel to run the machine only having to replace the thread and move the spun spools out of the machine. The steam engine also allowed for factories to be built any
Steam Engine Invented by James Watt 1712
The steam engine was an engine that used pressurised steam to move pistons to turn a flywheel into rotational energy. The Steam engine is referred to as an external combustion engine' due to the fuel being separated from the force that creates mechanical energy (Steam). Although the steam engines first model was inefficient, through later iterations it became more efficient and became the ideal power source for factories during the industrial revolution. Even more importantly it's practically non stop ro
Seed Drill Invented by Jethro Tull 1701
The Seed Drill was invented to help stabilise Britains food supply due to the uncertainty of crop success in across the British colony. The Seed Drill had the desired seeds put on top of the wheelbarrow like machine which would be wheeled along the farmr's fields where it would dig and plant seed across fields at rates never seen before
Cotton Gin Invented by Eli Whitney 1793 (patented in 1794)
Cotton gin (meaning cotton engine) was invented to help the cotton industry by helping farmers separate the cotton fibres from the seed. higher quality cotton is than separated from lower quality thread to be used for textiles such as clothing while the lower quality thread will be turned into calico. The seeds after being separated from the cotton can still be planted again to produce more cotton. The cotton gin also revolutionised Americas cotton industry and indirectly led to increasing the number
bibliography ‘Cotton Gin’ n.d., in Wikipedia, viewed 19 February 2020, <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cotton_gin>. ‘Steam Engine’ n.d., in Wikipedia, viewed 16 February 2020, <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Steam_engine>. ‘spinning Jenny’ 2012, in Target Study, viewed 16 February 2020, <https://targetstudy.com/knowledge/invention/48/spinning-jenny.html>. ‘Flying Shuttle’ n.d., in Sensagent, viewed 17 February 2020, <http://dictionary.sensagent.com/Flying%20shuttle/en-en/>.
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