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History of Education Timeline
23 Nov 2017
Puritans establish Plymouth Colony
Massachusetts Law of 1642 - Scriptures and Laws were primary educational materials
Old Deluder Satan Laws of 1647 - Communities of 50+ are required to appoint a teacher and fund schools with taxes
Puritanical leaders play important roles in establishing the Massachusetts Bay Colony.
Connecticut begins to establish school statutes of their own
The Land Ordinance of 1785 - Continental Congress passed laws requiring states to form a central government an address education as a central component
The U.S. Constitution was adopted without reference to education
Boston Latin Grammar School was established
The Boston English Classical School was established as the first high school; the Troy Female Seminary first prepared teachers for certification
Massachusetts Law established high schools
Massachusetts establishes the Board of Education; Horace Mann is appointed as the first Secretary of Education
First normal pubic school for prepping teachers opens in Lexington, MA
The first public school based on grades, the Quincy School, opens in Boston, MA
The first Compulsory attendance law is established in Massachusetts
The first public Kindergarten in the U.S. is opened in St. Louis, MI
Compulsory Education is required in all states
The U.S. Department of Education is established by president Jimmy Carter
The Elementary-Secondary Education Act (ESEA) is reauthorized of the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB)
Mary Fellows is the first woman west of the Mississippi River to receive a baccalaureate degree
Elementary-Secondary Education Act (ESEA) is passed by Congress
The Nation's first all African American public high school, Paul Lawrence Dunbar High opens its doors in Washington D.C.
Emancipation Proclamation is issued by President Abraham Lincoln
The first of William Holmes McGuffey's Readers is published. The secular tone sets it apart from the religious texts of the day
James Pillans invents the blackboard
~American Colonial Period~ - Curriculum included mainly Puritanical perspectives and most early education was based on the ten commandments, reciting of the Lord's Prayer, and catechisms; teachers mostly included women from the community in the form of Dame Schools
American Revolutionary War
~American Early National Period~ - Under the guise of the Revolutionary War, America started to distinguish its own freedoms from British rule and began to develop more of a sense of a moral compass. Central Government began to include public schools as a main priority, especially advancing westward. Many different textbooks like the Early American Speller and later Noah Webster's Speller were used as a standard text books in education
~American Common School Period~ Due to their massive advancement westward, public schools are instated in every state from coast to coast in an attempt to educate American citizens.
~American Progressive Period~ Teachers began to see education as rigid and counter-intuitive. Colleges begin to offer teaching programs and degrees in teaching. John Dewey is associated with this period for making an indelible mark on this period of history. His psychological approach to education as being humanistic and empathetic helped change education fundamentally.
~Industrial Revolution~ With the advances America was making in industry, it as becoming easier to print and distribute textbooks to a wider array of people. By this time, teachers were hired in schools that were aid for by federal taxes, as well as local funding from their respective states. Schools began to be segregated by ages, founding grade level differences between primary, and secondary schools.
~Civil Rights Movement~ - America was reaching a boiling point. At this time Civil rights were at their peak, campaigning for women's suffrage and de-segregation in public schools. In 1954, Brown vs. the BOE is a landmark case that ruled segregation in schools unconstitutional. Schools were integrated, but still grappling with effective teaching and school maintenance and creating effective learning environments.
~Education Reform~ In the recent past, education reform was at it's peak. With more centralized textbooks and numbers swelling, America was struggling to keep up with the progress. After the DoE was established, the was more government involvement in education then ever before. Between the Bushes and Clinton, reforms like the ESEA and No Child Left Behind attempted to raise the standards of education for individual citizens and more accurately measure the outcomes of success in public education.
Brown Vs. The Board of Education
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