U.S War in Afghanistan (oct 7, 2001 – aug 15, 2021)
Nine days after the 9/11 attacks, US President George W. Bush declared that America would begin a "war on terror" whereby the US government and its allies would work to end all terrorist groups in the Muslim world.
At this point, Osama bin Laden was living in the war-torn country of Afghanistan. Since civil war began in the 1980s, the Afghan government had fallen under the control of a military group known as the Taliban. The Taliban was made up of people who practiced an extreme interpretation of the Islamic religion, using their faith to enact many strict laws and violent punishments. On 20th September, President Bush demanded that the Taliban immediately hand over bin Laden to American forces, and destroy all al-Qaeda bases. Although they condemned the 9/11 attacks, the Taliban refused to hand over bin Landed without proof that he was the man who had organized it. Not taking this for an answer, the United States decided to invade Afghanistan directly.
On 7th October 2001, the United States led a military force into Afghanistan and immediately bombed various areas, including the capital city of Kabul. Over the following two months, American soldiers, as well as those from allied nations, invaded the country, removed the Taliban from power, and set up a new government under the Presidency of Hamid Karzai. The invasion was supported by both the United Nations and the majority of Afghan people.
From 2002, various United Nations troops entered the country providing food and medicine, along with helping to rebuild much of the infrastructure including military, government, educational, and residential buildings. While America searched for Osama bin Laden, Taliban forces began to regroup inside of neighboring Pakistan and over the next two decades would continue to enter Afghanistan and fight US-led forces in numerous battles.
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