June 15, 2023

Heroic Age of Antarctic Exploration (aug 1, 1897 – sep 1, 1922)


Since it's existence was proven in the 1820s, little effort had been made to explore and chart the interior of Antarctica due to the lack of sufficiently advanced technology to battle the harsh climate.

Eventually however, it was in the 1890s when a geographical congress in London called upon all the scientific societies in the world to begin exploring Antarctica, claiming that it would "bring additions to almost every branch of science." This finally led to the first proper expedition to explore Antarctica in August 1897. The expedition was led by Adrien de Gerlache on behalf of the Belgian Geographical Society, and is considered by historians so be the beginning of a period known as the "Heroic Age of Antarctic Exploration".

Over a period of 25 years, 17 major Antarctic expeditions were made from ten different countries. During this time men such as Carsten Borchgrevink, Robert Falcon Scott, Ernest Shackleton, and Roald Amundsen, braved the polar winds and weather to become the first people to discover and map out some of the last unexplored regions of the planet. The large quantities of scientific data and specimens recovered kept the scientific community busy for decades, however many of the men on these expeditions were pushed to their physical and mental limits, with some even losing their lives - it was these endurance tests that later gave this period of Antarctic exploration the label "heroic."

Added to timeline:

28 Feb 2022
History of Human Civilization
This is a rough history of human migration, advancement, and...


aug 1, 1897
sep 1, 1922
~ 25 years


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