Roman Empire (jan 1, 31 BC – jan 1, 476)
By the end of the 1st Century BCE the Roman Empire had a population of 70 million. Their military power was like nothing that had come before and they occupied much of the Mediterranean and the Middle-East. Many of the conquered lands continued to live out their lives under Roman occupation; they adopted various Roman technologies and used the various roads built throughout the Empire. A period of peace set in known as Pax Romana which would last for another 200 years.
After the Empire split, the Western Romans continued battling with a branch of Germanic people called Goths for many years before finally in September 476 CE the Roman Empire came to an end when a general named Odoacer, of Germanic heritage, arrived in Rome, murdered the Emperor and declared himself King of Italy.
Added to timeline:
History of Human Civilization
This is a rough history of human migration, advancement, and...