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1825 | LOW CARBOHYDRATE DIET First appeared in The Physiology of Taste by Jean Brillat-Savarin, who was considered a French 19th century "foodie". His writings detailed the process of chewing and swallowing in relation to taste perception and the formation of dental cavities.
"FLETCHERIZING" Horace Fletcher, a “self-taught nutritionist” promotes "Fletcherizing", chewing food 32 times. His methods focused on eating only when hungry and were touted for helping people save money by reducing food intake.
HAY DIET One of the early diets based on the pH of foods, which did not allow carbohydrates and proteins to be eaten at the same meal. This "Food Combining Diet" was developed by Dr. William Howard Hay and became so popular that some restaurants served meals based on this system of eating.
CABBAGE SOUP DIET Initiated by chain letters promising quick weight loss in the first week. Flatulence is listed as a main side effect, along with boredom from eating unlimited amounts of the same food.
LIQUID PROTEIN DIETS A comeback of over-the-counter liquid protein drinks prompted their effectiveness and safety to be questioned. It was found that many products were of poor quality and low in vitamins and minerals. The FDA would later require warnings on protein diets that supplied less than 400 calories per day.
FIT FOR LIFE An evolution of the notion that protein and carbohydrate foods could not be combined at meals. Foods were classified as being either “cleansing” (live) or “clogging” (dead). Other misconceptions included no water with meals and no need for dairy products.
SUGAR BUSTERS - CUT SUGAR TO TRIM FAT This plan, developed by three physicians, eliminates refined carbohydrates and labels sugar as being “toxic” to the body. Foods that are both naturally sweet or contain added sugars are to be avoided.
RAW FOODS DIET Focuses on uncooked, unprocessed organic foods and can be similar to a vegan diet. It emphasizes raw fruits, vegetables, nuts,seeds, and sprouted grains. Some have been known to include raw meats or fish or unpasteurized milk products, but none of these are recommended due to food safety risks.
CHEATER'S DIET Balanced meals are recommended during the week, and cheating on the weekend is required. This alternative approach to eating is supposed to prevent the metabolism from slowing down, but there is no evidence to support this theory.
BANANA DIET This plan consists of bananas plus room-temperature water for breakfast, followed by 2 “regular” meals and no eating after 8 P.M. The creator of this diet is from Japan, so meals consisting of vegetables and rice are recommended, along with one snack in the afternoon but no sweets or dairy products. As with other fad diets, it lacks variety and restricts certain food groups.
BABY FOOD DIET The basic plan includes 14 jars of baby food a day along with an optional adult dinner. While the choices of baby food are numerous,there is a lack of certain nutrients required by adults. Other concerns cited include dislike of the pureed texture and limited feeling of fullness.
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