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3 months ago
2 months ago
The Congress of Vienna splits up the Italian states apart again
When Italy was invaded by Napoleon, the states were unified under one government. However, when Napoleon was defeated, the Congress of Vienna split the states up.
Giuseppe Mazzini Formed Young Italy in 1831, a nationalist group that fought for the unification of Italy.
He was a writer who wanted nationalism. He was even exiled because of his opinions on nationalism.
Camillo di Cavour Rebelled against Austria to unite the Italian states and won
Known as "the brain" of Italian Unification. He became prime minister of Sardinia and planned to overthrow the Austrian government. So the Italian states would become united. His plan worked because France supported Sardinia, after Sardinia had supported France in war.
Giuseppe Garibaldi "The sword" of Italian unification.
He continued fighting so the rest of Italy's states would be unified. Became part of Young Italy in 1833. He was exiled to South America because of his nationalist activities. When in South America, he learned Guerrilla Warfare, which he later used to gain control of Sicily. He had followers called "Red Shirts." During the war, Garibaldi, the red shirts, and Cavour gained Lombardy, Sicily, and Naples.
The states of Italy voted and decided to be unified.
Italy becomes united under the rule of King Victor Emmanuel. They did this by electing if the Italian States should be unified or not. Unification did not apply to Venetia or the Papal States, only because Venetia was still belonged to Austria and the Papal States was where the French troops supported the pope. Unification was complete when the Italians sided with Prussians in a war between the Austrians and Prussians. The Prussians won Venetia and gave it to Italy along with Rome, which they got from f
Rome is declared as the capital of Italy.
Although Italy is now unified, their are still many reasons why Italians, as people, aren't unified, such as southern Italians not wanting to be governed by Rome.
The Triple Alliance is made
Italy made military alliances with Austria-Hungary and Germany, this alliance is called the Triple Alliance. This agreement stated that they need to defend each other against any possible attacks.
Italy attempts to gain territory
Italy tried to take over Ethiopia to gain territory, but this attempt failed due to a bigger Ethiopian army in 1896. Another attempt was made by Italy to gain territory. Italy went to war with the Ottoman empire, resulting in a success and gained land in Africa.
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