June 30, 2021
For educational institutions
timeline for class
⟶ Updated 6 Mar 2020 ⟶
List of edits
Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy form the Rome-Berlin Axis treaty.
Nazi Germany and Imperial Japan sign the Anti-Comintern Pact. This was a pact against communism and Russia.
Japan invades China.
Hitler annexes the country of Austria into Germany. This is also called the Anschluss.
Germany invades Poland. World War II begins.
France and Great Britain declare war on Germany.
Winston Churchill becomes leader of the British government.
Italy enters the war as a member of the Axis powers.
Germany launches an air attack on Great Britain. These attacks last until the end of October and are known as the Battle of Britain.
Germany, Italy, and Japan sign the Tripartite Pact creating the Axis Alliance.
Germany and the Axis Powers attack Russia with a huge force of over four million troops.
The Japanese attack the US Navy in Pearl Harbor. The next day the US enters World War II on the side of the Allies.
The US Navy defeats the Japanese navy at the Battle of Midway.
The Allies invade and take the island of Sicily.
Italy surrenders to the Allies, however Germany helps Mussolini to escape and set up a government in Northern Italy.
D-day and the Normandy invasion. Allied forces invade France and push back the Germans.
Germany invades and takes control of Denmark and Norway.
Germany uses quick strikes called blitzkrieg, meaning lightning war, to take over much of western Europe including the Netherlands, Belgium, and northern France.
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