January 31, 2020
For educational institutions
⟶ Updated 3 days ago ⟶
List of edits
American archaeologist Matthew Stirling visits Olmec sculpture in Tres Zapotes, Mexico
Zapotec settlement attacked, temple burned
George Rogers Clark captures Fort Vincennes
Alien & Sedition Acts
'Marbury v. Madison' establishes the doctrine of judicial review
Alexander Hamilton killed by Aaron Burr in a duel
Chanka attack the Inca
Francisco Pizarro and less than 200 Spanish men defeat more than 5,000 Inca and capture Atawallpa.
Hernan Cortes and Motecuhzoma meet at Tenochtitlan
Aztec Triple Alliance formed
Triple Alliance surrenders to Cortez and his forces.
Jose de Acosta speculates that Asia and America "must join somewhere"
C. Vance Haynes proposed that the first Americans crossed to the Americas via the the Beringia land bridge
Smallpox breaks out on the Spanish island colony of Hispaniola, later spreading throughout the Americas.
Incan emperor Wayna Qhapaq dies, resulting in civil war as his sons fight for power.
Spanish explorer Hernando de Soto arrives in Florida
Smallpox epidemic begins near Boston
The bombardment of Fort Sumter and start of the Civil War.
Lee surrenders at Appomatox, end of the Civil War.
Transcontinental Railroad completed
Mongomery Bus Boycott
Alabama bomb explodes at baptist church, killing four girls
Bill of Rights ratified
Bjarni Herjolfsson, Viking sailor sights the coastline of North America.
Leif Eriksson establishes Viking settlement called Vineland.
Gutenberg perfects his printing press with moveable type.
Gutenberg prints the first printed Bible.
Christopher Columbus sails to America.
First African Slaves come to the Caribbean Islands.
John Cabot landed in Newfoundland and gave England claim to North America.
Vasco Nuñez de Balboa established the first permanent European settlement and first to see the Pacific Ocean from the American continent.
Francisco Vasquez de Coronado sets off to find Cibola.
John Cabot leads first English expedition to America.
Santa Fe founded
Jacques Cartier leads the first European expedition up the St. Lawrence River.
St. Augustine founded
Marquette and Joliet travel down the Mississippi river.
British navy defeats the Spanish Armada.
Jamestown becomes the first permanent English settlement in North America.
Virginia is the first colony in the world to elect its own representative government, the House of Burgesses.
Mayflower Compact establishes new standard for self-government in America.
Pilgrims land in the New World
First college in North America, Harvard, founded in order to secure "a literate ministry to the churches"
Salem Witch Trials
Dutch colonial rule ends in North America
Charles I is beheaded
Maryland Toleration Act passed
James Oglethorpe founds Georgia
John Peter Zenger is acquitted of libel establishing significant freedoms of the press in the British American colonies
Père Jacques Marquette and Louis Joliet explore the Mississippi.
Washington leads 150 Virginians to victory over a French exploratory party.
Albany Congress approves Franklin's Plan of the Union--but not all colonies accept it.
Washington surrenders Fort Necessity.
Braddock and his English and colonial forces are defeated by French and Indians at Fort Duquesne.
Johnson and Hendrick triumph at Lake George.
6,000 Acadians are expelled from Nova Scotia after refusing to swear loyalty to Britain.
The English declare war on the French in Europe, where the war is called the Seven Years' War.
General Jeffrey Amherst captures Louisbourg.
Johnson's English soldiers and Iroquois Indians capture Fort Niagara.
The English win the battle of Quebec. Wolfe and Montecalm are killed.
Treaty of Paris ends the French and Indian War.
Treaty of Paris officially ends the French and Indian War
George Whitefield and Jonathan Edwards play key roles in the Great Awakening.
Moravians first immigrate to America.
Michel Guillaume St. Jean de Crèvecoeur/ Hector St. John Crèvecoeur publishes Letters of an American Farmer in Europe.
King John (John Lackland) signs Magna Carta.
Boston Tea Party
First Continental Congress
American Revolutionary War begins at Concord, Massachusetts.
Declaration of Independence signed
Battle for Fort Ticonderoga
The battles of Lexington and Concord
Second Continental Congress convenes in Independence Hall, Philadelphia.
Ethan Allen and Benedict Arnold capture Fort Ticonderoga.
George Washington is appointed head of the Continental army.
The battles of Bunker and Breed's Hills.
General Washington takes command of 17,000 men at Cambridge, Massachusetts.
The Continental Congress establishes a post office department and appoints Franklin postmaster general.
Tom Paine publishes an article in the "Pennsylvania Gazette" supporting women's rights.
George III declares the American colonies in rebellion.
Declaration of Independence
Battle of Tippecanoe breaks Tecumseh's bid to unite the Indian tribes.
Francis Scott Key writes "The Star-Spangled Banner" following the British attack on Fort McHenry in Baltimore Harbor.
First Navy prescribed by Washington
Florida purchased by the U.S. from Spain for $5 million.
Monroe Doctrine (developed by John Quincy Adams) proclaimed.
Samuel Slater establishes the first successful cotton mill in the U.S.
Eli Whitney patents the cotton gin.
Eli Whitney develops effective interchangeable parts.
Robert Fulton initiates practical steamboat with voyage of the Clermont up the Hudson.
Peter Cooper builds the Tom Thumb, a steam-powered locomotive designed to stay on curved railroad tracks.
Sequoyah perfects a Cherokee alphabet
Congress passes the Indian Removal Act
Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom creates, for the first time in Western history, a complete legal break between a formal religious commitment and the right to hold public office.
Mexico gains independence from Spain
President Polk offers to purchase California (including Texas) from Mexico
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo signed
California gains statehood
Levi Strauss arrives in California and begins making heavy pants from canvas for miners
Samuel F.B. Morse granted a patent for the telegraph.
Samuel F.B. Morse sends first telegraphic message.
Stephen Watts Kearny captures New Mexico for the United States.
Stephen Watts Kearny captures (modern day) California for the United States.
Depression in U.S. motivates people to emigrate west.
Large groups go west on the Oregon Trail.
First wagon train makes it to California.
3,000 emigrants go to Oregon and California
Joseph Smith founds LDS Church.
55,000 people emigrate to the west, most to California.
The concept of Manifest Destiny first expressed.
Richard Henry Dana publishes "Two Years Before the Mast" inspiring interest in California
California Indian population down to 150,000
Anasazi were cliff dwellers
Winter at Valley Forge
George Rogers Clark
Mary Katherine Goddard
Marquis de Lafayette
Friedrich von Steuben
Lord Charles Cornwallis
Battle of Yorktown
Articles of Confederation
Northwest Ordinance of 1787
Lewis and Clark Expedition
Federalist and Anti-Federalist Papers
George Washington serves as the first president of the U.S.
John Adams serves as the second president of the U.S.
John Marshall serves as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court.
Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca
Fray Marcos de Niza
Francisco Vasques de Coronado
Hernando de Soto
Juan de Oñate
Bartolomé de Las Casas
LeSalle's adventures allow him to claim land for France.
Sir Walter Raleigh
Sir Walter Raleigh establishes first English colonies in North America.
Sir Francis Drake
King Philip's War
English Civil Wars
John Peter Zenger
War of Jenkins' Ear
Père Jacques Marquette
William Johnson/ Warraghiyagey
French & Indian War
Sir Jeffrey Amherst
Michel Guillaume St. Jean de Crèvecoeur/ Hector St. John Crèvecoeur.
King John (John Lackland) is king of England.
King George III
Henry David Thoreau
Cahokia's golden age
The Manchu (Qing) Dynasty ruled China.
The Ming Dynasty ruled China.
Martin Luther King Junior
War of 1812
Prince Henry of Portugal
Vasco Nuñez de Balboa
Iberian Ferdinand Magellan
Iberian Ferdinand Magellan leads first global circumnavigation.
Ponce de León
William Henry Harrison
James Madison serves as the 4th president of the U.S.
Francis Scott Key
James Monroe serves as the 5th president of the U.S.
John Quincy Adams
John Quincy Adams serves as the 6th president of the U.S.
Andrew Jackson serves as the 7th president of the U.S.
Erie Canal is built
Trail of Tears
Osceola leads the Seminoles in the Second Seminole War.
William Lloyed Garrison
William Lloyed Garrison publishes "The Liberator"
Martin Van Buren
Martin Van Buren serves as the 8th president of the U.S.
Silvestre Veléstre de Escalante explores western portions of what will become the United States.
Thomas Jefferson serves as the third president of the United States.
Tekamthi (also known as Tecumseh)
William Henry Harrison
William Henry Harrison serves as the ninth president of the U.S.
John Tyler serves as the 10th president of the U.S.
James Knox Polk
James Knox Polk serves as the 11th president of the U.S.
Zachary Taylor serves as the 12th president of the U.S.
Millard Fillmore serves as the 13th president of the U.S.
Franklin Pierce serves as the 14th president of the U.S.
James Buchanan serves as the 15th president of the U.S.
John C. Calhoun
Stephen Watts Kearny
Irish Potato Famine brings many Irish to America
Erie Canal Built
Brigham Young leads Mormons to Utah.
Richard Henry Dana
Stephen Austin leads Missouri emigrants to Mexican Texas.
Antonio López de Santa Anna
James Marshall discovers gold at Sutter's Mill, thus starting the California Gold rush.
Samuel F.B. Morse
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