June 15, 2020
For educational institutions
⟶ Updated 4 Dec 2017 ⟶
List of edits
students with mild disabilities were mainstreamed with students without disabilities.
Regular education initiative
Nondiscriminatory identification, assessment and evaluation Least restrictive environment Individualized Education Programs (IEP) Procedural Safeguards Suspensions and expulsions Confidentiality and access to information Service for infants, toddlers, and preschoolers Funding for early intervention
From Segregation to Inclusion
Special Education in 80's
Inclusion Movement begins
Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka (1954) separate is not equal
Six Principles of IDEA Due process: Fair and specific procedures related to assessment, identification, and placement and must be followed for all students. Equal protection: Same as the 14th amendment. Students with disabilities have the same rights as students without disabilities Zero reject: Regardless of severity of disability, no child can be excluded from school.
Free and appropriate public education (FAPE): IEP’s must contain full range of appropriate direct and related educational services at not cost to the families.
Least restrictive environment (LRE): Students with disabilities should be educated to the maximum extent appropriate with students without disabilities. They should be removed from the general education classroom only when the curriculum and instruction cannot be adapted to achieve satisfactory results. Nondiscriminatory assessment: Students must be assessed in their language using nonbiased evaluation instruments
Principles of IDEA 2004
Individualized Education Plan
No Child Left Behind (NCLB) of 2001
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