September 30, 2021
For educational institutions
Civil War Timeline
⟶ Updated 9 Nov 2017 ⟶
List of edits
Civil War begins on April 12, 1861 at Fort Sumter, South Carolina
Civil War ended on May 9, 1865 at Appomattox, Virginia with the signing of a treaty.
Battle of Antietam
Battle of Atlanta
First Battle of Bull Run
Battle of Gettysburg
Battle of Vicksburg
The battle was an attempt by the Union to attack Richmond, Virginia (the Confederate capital) and was fought in Virginia but near Washington D.C. The Confederates won preventing the Union plan to quickly march to Richmond and end the war.
The Union won the battle stopping Lee from invading Maryland. If Lee had gained control of Maryland, the Union might have settled on an agreement to let the South leave and end the war.
2nd Battle of Bull Run
The Confederates won the battle forcing the Union to retreat.The win gave Lee confidence to launch a campaign North to gain control of Union land.
A win for the Union as Grant accomplished the Anaconda Plan. The Union pushed the Confederates into Vicksburg, held it under siege until it was surrendered. The Union gained control of the Mississippi which split up the Confederacy into two parts.
The Union won in the battle. The battle was fought in Pennsylvania where Lee was stopped in his best attempt to invade the Union.
Union victory where the Union was able to gain control of important railroads and supply centers. The victory helped Lincoln win re-election because the victory made people in the Union were confident they would win the war.
Union begins conscription.
Draft Riots in New York
Congress passes income tax law.
Lincoln suspends habeas corpus in the case of John Merryman as Merryman attempts to hinder military troops from moving.
Lincoln issues a proclamation stating that all who resist military drafts will lose the writ of habeas corpus.
William T. Sherman captured Savannah, Georgia on this date. Sherman was one of the largest advocates for total war. As Sherman marched through Georgia, he destroyed railroads, plantations, etc to hurt the South morale and bring the Union a step closer to winning the war.
Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson was an important Confederate general. He led troops in the Battle of Fredericksburg to help Robert E. Lee defeat the Union troops. Jackson was a major part in Confederate wins because of his ability to lead troops during battle.
General Ulysses S. Grant commanded troops for the Battle and Siege of Vicksburg. Grant accomplished to split the Confederacy with this move resulting in a step towards Union victory in the war. Grant eventually became the chief commander of the Union army for the war.
Robert E. Lee had his best win at the Battle of Chancellorsville. He defeated an army twice the size of the army he had. Robert E. Lee was the chief Confederate general and had many quality wins with his excellent military strategy.
Advantages the Union had over the Confederacy: 1. Population - the Union had many more troops. 2. Industrialization - the Union was able to create more artillery with the factories they had. 3. Railroads - the Union was able to transport Union soldiers and military supplies much faster and more efficiently than the Confederacy. The Northern advantages seemed to "kick in" at Gettysburg where Robert E Lee lost the battle and the war took a turn in favor of the Union.
Jefferson Davis was the president of the Confederacy. He ordered the Confederate military to attack Fort Sumter starting the Civil War. Davis also appointed Robert E Lee as the commander of the Virginia army giving Lee control of the Eastern front.
Lincoln's 2nd Inaugural Address
Battle of Shiloh
Siege of Petersburg
Battle of Chattanooga
Battle of Fredericksburg
Battle of Seven PInes
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