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Road to revolution
11 Sep 2017
Parliament Passed the Navigation act of 1651 to tighten control on the colonies' trades with England and the rest of the world. It stated that any trade between the colonies and the rest of the world had to go between England and that trade can only occur on Engish ships.
The Navigation Act of 1660 was passed after the first act and its purpose was to also limit colonial trade. It stated that English trade ships must have at least 3/4 of its mariners as Englishmen. It also made certain commodities such as tobacco only allowed to be shipped to England.
The Navigation Act of 1663 was the last Navigation Act to be passed and stated that all ships that passed through England need to inspected and had to pay a fee for trading. The act was passed to protect the supply of timber.
The Enlightenment was a movement in England, France, Germany, and other parts of Europe. During this period people started to extend natural laws to social aspects of life such as government, religion, economy, and education.
The Great Awakening was a series of religious revivals in Europe and British America in the 1730s and 1740s. It left a permanent impact as it opened the door for people to give their own interpretations of the Bible. It was the most important event in American religion.
The French and Indian war was also known as the Seven Years war and was fighting for the Ohio river valley region. This battle was significant because of the land that the British gained with their victory.
The Proclamation of 1763 which forbade the colonists from expanding into the Appalachian mountains. This was significant as the colonists belived they had the right to expand into that land as they had fought for it.
The Sugar act of 1764 was a tax on foreign sugar and molasses which were cheaper than Britain's molasses. This was significant as it forced the colonists to buy molasses from Britain or pay a hefty tax on foreign imports.
The Currency act of 1764 extended the previous 1751 act to all of the British colonies and North America. The act forbade the colonies from designating future currencies but still allowed them to print their own paper money.
The Stamp Act of 1765 required the colonists to pay a hefty tax on all paper items such as stamps and playing cards. This was significant as the colonists simply and outright refused it which showed them they had the power to control their taxes.
The Quartering act of 1765 allowed British soldiers to house in any of the colonial houses and the colonists had to support them and accept them into their barracks. This was significant as the colonists hated the act and it helped fuel the revolution.
The Stamp Act Congress was the first meeting of representatives from nine colonies and drew up the "Declaration of the rights and grievances of the colonists. This was significant as it required the colonists to work together and set aside their differences.
The Boston Massacre of 1770 was street shooting that resulted in the death of 5 colonists after they had thrown snowballs and sticks at the soldiers. The shooting was called a massacre in newspapers to portray the image of a mass killing into colonists mind
The Tea Act of 1773 was the primary catalyst for the Boston party and gave the British East India a monopoly on tea. The Act was ignored and colonists smuggled the tea from other countries. This forced Britain to pass harsher and harsher laws until the colonies complied
The Boston Tea party of 1772 was a rebellion by the sons of anarchy who threw an entire shipment of tea chests into the sea as they believed the tea act violated the "no taxation without representation". This act left Britan speechless and forced them to enforce laws.
The Intolerable Acts also knew as the Coercive Acts of 1774 as they were deeply hated by the colonies. The act did things such as block the Boston port until the tea had been paid back and also forbade town meetings. This was significant as these acts pushed the colonists to the edge and prepared them for the revolution.
The First Continental Congress was a meeting of representatives from 12 of the 13 states and drafted a "declaration of rights and grievances". This was significant as it foreshadows the signing of another declaration later.
Patrick Henry's "Give me liberty or give me death" came from a speech he gave in Virginia on 1775. The speech is known for being acredited as the speech that convinced the convention to pass the resolution to deliever troops for the upcmong war.
The battle of Lexington and Concord was the major battle that kicked off the revolutionary war. The battle began after a few hundred British soldiers attempted to seize a weapons cache and then intercepted by colonial soldiers. The colonial victory is important since it provides a morale boost to the colonists.
The Second Continental Congress succeded the First Continental Congress and was a meeting of delegates from the 13 colonies. This was significant as it was this meeting that decided the creation of the continental army to fight off the might of the British military, It also managed the war effort and finnancial matters without taxes.
Thomas Paines "Common Sense" was a pamphlet written in 1776. It made the arguments that Britain hadn't treated the American colonies with special care and only for its own benefit. It asked for independence from Britain and stated that its "Common Sense" to fight for it.
The Declaration of Independence was finally adopted in 1776 by the second continental congress and that they were no longer under British Rule. Thomas Jefferson was selected by the committee to Draft the document before announcing it.
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