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The first known Portuguese settlers arrived in newly established Brazil bringing need slaves from Africa to work on new sugar mills.
Portuguese royal family flees to Brazil after the invasion of Portugal by Napoleon and eventually return home after 14 years when Napoleon was defeated, i the process they left behind their son Pedro to rule Brazil.
Pedro Alvarez Cabral, who is a Portuguese admiral, officially discovers Brazil, and formally claims Brazil for the crown of Portugal.
The claim of the area of Brazil by Portugal was made by Alexander VI by the treaty of Tordesillas which split the Americas on the longitude line of 46º 30' W between the Spanish and Portuguese claims.
The Portuguese crown made the first effort to establish a government in Brazil, they divided the colony into 15 hereditary fiefs, each occupying about 160 miles along the coast.
Street protests were started by a slight rise in transportation fares in urban areas. People who rebelled where mostly students, the poor and the middle class.
Brazil is hit by a major drought that greatly impacted the agricultural economy. Coffee is the key export in Brazil and was greatly affected by this draught, which caused the coffee prices to rise worldwide.
Luis Inacio Lula da Silva is in power and his economic policies had brought over 42.5 million people out of poverty, and and another 35.5 million Brazilians moved to the middle class.
Pedro proclaimed Brazilian independence from Portugal and established the Braganza dynasty, and Pedro became the constitutional emperor of Brazil and changed his name to Pedro I.
The very first Constitution of Brazil was written during the rule of Pedro I, but years later he was forced to abdicate this power because of a military revolt, so he passed down his power to his 5 year old son Pedro II
Portuguese occupied the port of Bahia, and the independence army with 8000 men repeatedly failed to take the seaport, and each side only suffered 100 casualties.
Pedro I appoints British admiral Thomas Cochrane to take command of the Brazilian fleet, and eventually defeated the Portuguese at Bahia by luring them away to the smaller town of Maranhão and surprise attacking them. Then they chased the Portuguese down while they were fleeing back to Portugal.
A couple anarchists had tried to revolt the new Brazilian regime but it was immediately crushed by Cochrane. For example, in Pernambuco, 16 secessionist ringleaders where executed.
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