September 15, 2020
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The Battle of Oriskany
⟶ Updated 17 Nov 2018 ⟶
List of edits
15 Nov 2018
Heading up the Oswego River, St. Leger and his men reach the Oneida Carry and arrive at Fort Stanwix
Outnumbering Ganesvoort's garrison, St. Leger surrounds Fort Stanwix and demands its surrender. Ganesvoort refuses and St. Leger decides to lay siege to the fort
American Leaders in Western New York hear of a possible British attack in the reigon
The leader of Tryon County's Committee of Safety, Brigadier General Nicholas Herkimer, learns that St. Leger's force is within a few days march of Fort Stanwix. As result, he calls the militia, including a group of Oneidas led by Han Yerry and Colonel Louis.
Herkimer sends 3 messengers to notify Ganesvoort of the militia's approach, asking for acknowledgement shown by 3 cannon shots.
Hearing no cannon shot, Herkimer is reluctant to continue, but eventually gives up and continues his march
St. Leger learns of the approach of Herkimer's column and orders Sir John Johnson part of his regiment and with a force of rangers and 500 Seneca and Mohawks to attack the American force.
Johnson moves east and chooses a deep ravine, about 5 miles from Fort Stanwix, for an ambush. He placed his Royal Regiment at the western exit and the rangers and Mohawks on the ravine's sides.
Herkimer enters the ravine, and a group of Native Americans attacks early, killing Colonel Ebenezer Cox and wounding Herkimer in the leg. However, he decides to stay at the front to direct his soldiers. Herkimer's resistance stiffens and begins to pull out of the ravine. The battle breaks into s everal individual movements.
Ganesvoort sets out from Fort Stanwix to raid the British and Native American camps The British retreat and the Americans are left in control of the field. Too badly damaged, the Americans retreat to Fort Dayton.
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