January 1, 2023
For educational institutions
Immigration Rights Project
⟶ Updated 13 Oct 2018 ⟶
List of edits
Immigration Act Established immigration offices. Also addressed the safety of immigrants on board ships and established the following categories for those barred entry to Canada : « idiotic, deaf or dumb, blind or infirm », for whom ship captains could be fined. Immigration agents were authorized to send these individuals back to their port of departure.
Naturalization Act After living in Canada for three years, an immigrant could submit an application to a court and receive a certificate of naturalization, if he or she were deemed to be of good character. When a man was naturalized as a British subject in Canada, his wife and children automatically received the same status.
Chinese Immigration Act Chinese immigrants needed to pay a sum of money called a head tax, before they would enter the country. This was done to discourage immigrants from Asia.
Immigration Act extended eligibility to immigrants with mental illness, epilepsy or physical disability if they belonged to an immigrant family capable of providing sufficient support.
Immigration Act Protected immigrants from deportation.
Naturalization Act To obtain a certificate of naturalization, residents were now required to live in Canada for five years before submitting an application. Candidates were judged on their moral character and had to have adequate knowledge of English or French.
Chinese Immigration Act Barred entry to persons identified as Chinese. Chinese immigrants already in Canada were required to register and were authorized to travel to and from China, but not to bring in family members.
Immigration Act The federal cabinet was authorized to prohibit immigrants on the basis of nationality, ethnicity, occupation, peculiar customs, inability to adapt to the climate and probable inability to become assimilated.
Immigration Act The Act organized immigration according to annual plans
Immigration and Refugee Protection Act (IRPA) This Act was made to sort out who can come to Canada to live and who can't. Still continues to be the centerpiece of immigration legislation in Canada.
Chinese Head Tax The head tax went from $50 to $100
Chinese Head Tax The head tax went from $100 to $500
Establishment of The Department of Immigration and Colonization
Komagata Maru Incident The Canadian government wouldn't allow immigrants from India unless they came from India to Canada with no stops, which at the time, was impossible because no shipping line offered that service. The Japanese ship called the Komagata Maru was forced to return, after 2 months, to harbour.
Naturalization Act Authorized immigrant wives to request naturalization independently.
Order-in-council Restricted immigration to agriculturalists with financial resources, wives and children of Canadian residents and British subjects and American citizens with sufficient means to provide for their own needs until they found employment.
Refugees were added as an immigration category
The Singh Decision Satnam Singh and his appeal as a refugee was denied under the Immigration Act of 1976 by the government of Canada. The Supreme Court decided that this went against the Charter of Rights and Freedoms. Satnam Singh had the right to appeal his case in person just like every other Canadian.
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