June 15, 2020
For educational institutions
Newcastle and Gateshead
lauren alessandra Honey
⟶ Updated 6 Nov 2018 ⟶
List of edits
Settlement Pons Aelius built. First bridge built across the Tyne. Hadrians Wall built to protect from the Picts. Settlement later becomes called Monkchester.
Gateshead 'Goats Head' referred to in writings.
William the Conqueror defeats forces at Gateshead Fell
William the Conqueror builds a new castle at Monkchester. Town around it becomes known as Novum Castellum or 'Newcastle'. New Castle Keep still remains today
Jetties constructed on the Tyne to allow for trading
Friary of Blackfriars established. Many buildings still remain.
Newcastle sixth largest wool exporting port in the country
Burgesses receive royal licence to export coal
At this time wool exports twice the value of coal but shipment of coal trade given to burgesses known as the Hostman and Gateshead annexed as suburb of Newcastle giving burgesses access to Gateshead Coal Mines. Newcastle prospers and becomes major town.
Gateshead becomes suburb of Newcastle
One third of population dies during the plague.
Newcastle was the country's fourth largest print centre. Literary and Philosophical Society of 1793 predated the London Library by half a century. Newcastle also became a glass producer with a reputation for flint glass
Fenham Barracks completed in 1806 confirming a military presence in the town
The Great fire of Newcastle and Gateshead destroyed a substantial amount of property on both sides of the Tyne in a series of fires and explosions and killed 53 and injured hundreds.
Sage Gateshead opened
Baltic Centre for Contemporary Art opened
Millenium Bridge opened
First coal mines open in Gateshead
Victoria Tunnels built
Newcastle becomes one of the first cities in the world to be lit with electric lighting
Last coal pit closes
Redheugh bridge opened
Tyne Bridge opened
Second world war air raids on heavy industry targets
Gateshead Quays redeveloped
Trinity Square Redevelopment
Grainger Town begun. Designed by Richard Grainger
Grainger Town completed
St James Park opened
Life Science Center opened
Coal staiths built at Pipewellgate
Gas works built
Newcastle Train Station designed by Richard Grainger, Thomas Sopwith and George Hudson (King of the Railways) opened in 1850 by Queen Victoria. It was the first covered railway station in the world.
Newcastle Airport opened
St Nicholas church built. Granted Cathedral status in 1882.
A shipbuilding industry begins in Newcastle
Newcastle is made a county in its own right. The population of Newcastle is about 4000.
Henry VIII closes the friaries in Newcastle
Population of Newcastle is about 10000
About 400,000 tons of coal is exported from gateshead goal mines every year
New guildhall is built
First newspaper opens in Newcastle
Population of Newcastle is about 20,000
Streets of Newcastle become lit by oil lamps
A new bridge is built across the River Tyne. This bridge will later be replaced with the Redheugh bridge
The first Theatre Royal is built
The population of Newcastle is 28,000
The streets of Newcastle are lit by gas
Newcastle is connected to Carlisle by railway
The population of Newcastle is 87,000
Leazes Park opens
The Swing bridge opened
First public library opens in Newcastle
Church of St Nicolas is made a cathedral
Population of Newcastle is 215,000
Electric trams begin operation
King Edward VII Railway Bridge is built
Newcastle University is formed
New Civic Centre is built. New Central Library opens
Newcastle Polytechnic opens
Eldon Square Shopping Centre opens
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