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Historical Overview of Literacy
Past 20 years and then some
10 months ago
"A Nation at Risk" The emphasis on policy to improve education.
Individual State Standards
No Child Left Behind (NCLB)
National Governors Association (NGA) and the Council of Chief State School Officers agree to generate shared standards.
States begin to adopt shared standards
46 States including the District of Columbia adopt the Common Core States Standards (CCSS)
Fundamental Shift in Standards
California Adopts "English Language Arts Framework"
Phonemic Awareness, Oral Fluency , and Phonics take Center Stage within mandates
Research continues to show a correlation between reading education and future economic success (Ritchie and Bates)
English Language Development Standards are Authorized
California English Language Development Test (CELDT) Authorized
Development of K-1 Early Literacy Assessment Begins
K-1 Reading and Writing Assessments are Operational
State Board of Education (SBE) approves performance levels for K-1 and English-proficient level updated on the CELDT
California re-identifies language minority students as English Learners (EL).
Lau v. Nichols (1974) Decision
California Proposition 227 is Passed
Senate Bill 1969 CLAD/BCLAD
English Language Proficiency Assessments for California (ELPAC) will replace the CELDT
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