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Conflicts of the West: Native Americans and the U.S. Government 1830 - 1890
Ada Harjunpaa Period 6
10 Oct 2017
The surrender of Chief Joseph Chief Joseph surrenders October 5 1877, Bear Paw Mountains Tired of running away from the Army
The Dawes Act Signed by the federal government. Authorized the government to split up tribal lands. Indians who accepted this were allowed to be US citizens. January 8 1887 Goal was to introduce the Indians in the US society Parts of the tribal culture and many tribes disappeared completely.
Oklahoma Land rush People rush to get cheap land the newly opened OKLAHOMA TERRITORY April 22 1889, Oklahoma The land was taken from the Native Americans and it was cheap land so people rushed to claim it.
Massacre at Wounded Knee More than 250 Native Americans died in this battle, all were innocent. Part of the SIOUX TRIBE (leader SITTING BULL) December 29, Pine Ridge, South Dakota Tension between and Indian and a soldier caused a fight to break out. Indians had no more major battles after this.
Indian removal act President Andrew Jackson signed the Indian removal act. The president can grant unsettled land in exchange for Indian lands. The act was signed on may 28 1830 They wanted more land Important because the Government needed more land and now they could force the Native American to give them their lands.
7,000 soldiers were sent to Georgia to remove the Cherokees by the President Martin Van Buren. In Georgia 1838 The Cherokees refused to leave their land but the Government had to the right to remove them so they removed them. 5,000 Cherokee died
Sand creek massacre Led by JOHN CHIVINGTON He demanded the massacre of the Indians. November 29 1864 Colorado He was drunk
Indin Appropriation act The Congress created the act to manage Native Americans tribes such as APACHE and NEZ-PERCE In 1871 Reservations were created to manage Native Americans Important because the Government felt the need to control Native Americans.
Camp Grant Massacre Eight men and 110 women and children were murdered. The mongre l band was behind the massacre April 30 1871 in Arizona Depredations of humans and livestock were the reasons that led to the massacre.
Battle of the Little Big Horn Between forces of the Lakota SIOUX (leader CRAZY HORSE), Northern Cheyenne (combined) and Arapaho tribes Close to the Little Bighorn River. June 25 1876 They had had tension between them. The Indians won and it was their most successful fight against the U.S Army Lead by LT.COL. GEORGE CUSTER
Trail of tears
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