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Vikings sack the monastery at Lindisfarne in Northumbria.
Vikings attack sites in northern Britain, in what we now call Scotland.
Irish annals record a Viking raid on Rathlin Island, off Ireland’s north-east coast.
King Alfred formally agrees a boundary between his kingdom and land ruled by the Viking King Guthrum (an area later called “the Danelaw”).
York is captured by a Viking army.
Iceland is colonised by Vikings.
King Ethelred, the West Saxon king, and his brother Alfred, defeat the Viking army at the Battle of Ashdown (in Berkshire).
Vikings from Ireland, the Isle of Man and the Hebrides raid Wales, particularly the coastal monasteries.
Vikings settle in Greenland.
Olaf of Norway and Sven ‘Forkbeard’, son of the Danish king, lead an invading Danish army in an unsuccessful siege of London, and subsequently ravage the south-east.
Eric Bloodaxe, the last Viking King of Jorvik, is thrown out of York.
The Vikings reach Newfoundland, but they did not go beyond the coastal area and their settlement was short-lived.
King Sven of Denmark (with his son Cnut) sail up the rivers Humber and Trent to be accepted as king in the Danelaw. The Saxon king Ethelred the Unready flees abroad.
Cnut becomes the leader of the Danes on his father’s death and king of England after the death of Ethelred and his son Edmund Ironside.
Ethelred’s other son, Edward the Confessor, is invited to return from Normandy as king.
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