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Rights of Children in Lebanon
6 months ago
Higher Council for Childhood Campaign
The Ministry of Justice is requesting a modification of the law which would allow the transfer of juvenile delinquents from the reformatory to an ordinary prison at the age of 21 rather than at age 18, as the current law stipulates.
Decree No. 119, issued on 16 August 1983 stipulates that any child over seven committing a breach of the law or found begging or taking the street or any public place as his/her abode may be subjected to the following measures by the Juvenile Court: (a) Custody or trusteeship; (b) Supervision by the court; (c) Detention in a reformatory (established in 1964 by Decree No. 16734); (d) Disciplinary acts; (e) Reduced criminal sentence (for children over 12).
Seven NGOs have requested the raising of the employment age from 8 to 10. It is being studied in the parliament.
Establishment of a Higher Council for Childhood, administered by the Ministry of Social Affairs, which serves as an independent intermediary between relevant government ministries and with non-governmental organizations to initiate and coordinate programmes and policies.
Establishment of the Parliamentary Committee for the Protection of Childhood as well as the National Committee for the Disabled, both of which could be important in the endeavors to implement the principles and provisions in the Convention on the Rights of the Child.
Adoption of a National Plan of Action for Child Survival, Protection and Development in Lebanon which focuses on programmes related to health and education.
MOL - ILO National Action Plan to Eliminate the Worst Forms of Child Labour in Lebanon by 2016
Lebanon became a party to the 1989 Convention on the Rights of the Child.
Lebanon became a party to the Optional Protocol on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography.
Lebanon signed (but has not yet ratified) the Optional Protocol on the involvement of children in armed conflict.
ABAAD: Lawmakers in Lebanon repealed Article 522 of the Lebanese Penal Code.
MEHE - UNICEF Child Protection Policy in School Environment (Plus Inclusion Policy)
The main law that sponsors protection of children and juveniles, “Protection of Juveniles in Conflict with the Law or at Risk” (No 422/2002), was activated. This law gives the Union for the Protection of Juveniles in Lebanon (UPEL) a fundamental role and powers enabling it to intervene in protecting them.
The Lebanese parliament adopted an anti- human trafficking law enhancing the legal protection of victims of trafficking. The reform has many gaps and some reforms need to be undertaken.
Adoption of Lebanese Constitution: Chapter II of the Lebanese Constitution contains a number of rights provisions, but only one specifically addresses the rights of children: Art. 10: creates a right for religious communities to have their own schools, provided that they follow the general rules issued by the state regulating public institutions
Lebanon’s parliament voted to repeal Article 186 of Lebanon’s penal code, which permitted parents and teachers to use violence in disciplining children. 24 hours later, Speaker of Parliament Nabih Berri brought the article back up for discussion, saying the previous day’s ruling had been “unclear” and citing pressure from “religious figures” to review the decision. After its second vote, parliament decided to partially reinstate the article, permitting parents to use “non-violent discipline” and remov
Primary education becomes compulsory. Article 10 of the Constitution, Law No. 686 of 1998 (43, 44) + Free Public Education
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