jan 1, 501 BC - Confucianism
Confucius lived in what is now known as the Shandong province in Eastern China. Towards the end of the 6th Century BCE he became known as a "wandering teacher" who walked the land of China teaching about music, poetry, literature, ethics, and science. He became so popular that apparently at one point he had 3,000 students. Confucius felt that his ideas on ethics and morals could help the rulers of his day and greatly improve the government and social order; his teachings included emphasis on self-cultivation, the importance of study, and skilled judgment rather than knowledge of rules. Absolute truth was vital for rulers and the golden rule stated throughout history by wise men: "Treat others how you would like to be treated."
In 483 BCE he began to write down these ideas, that would eventually be known as the Five Classics. After his death his teachings were later turned into an elaborate set of rules and practices by his numerous disciples and followers. His school of philosophy was continued by his son Zisi, and many students became officials in many of the royal courts in China thus spreading this new, almost religious, concept of Confucianism.
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History of Human Civilization
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