English Civil War (aug 22, 1642 – sep 3, 1651)
The English Civil War was fought between the Parliamentarians and the Royalists, primarliy over the power of the Monarchy. King Charles I desired to increase his power, which led to retaliation from parliament. Charles was eventually beheaded, and the monarchy was even completely removed for a short period of time, during the English Commonwealth. This is the first time that a democracy, even a poor one, existed in Europe. Additionally, the experience had during this time impacted many people who went on to have new ideas about people and government, including Locke and Hobbes.
Added to timeline:
AP Euro Timeline Doby