Nicolas Copernicus (feb 19, 1473 – may 21, 1543)
Copernicus was known primarily for the conception of the heliocentric model of the solar system. This was revolutionary at the time and many of his ideas were rejected, especially by the church. His methods, however, were also revolutionary because he used deductive reasoning rather than inductive, which changed the thought process of people throughout Europe to be more logical and independent with their thinking.
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