French and Indian War (jan 1, 1754 – jan 1, 1763)
British fought the French because they wanted land and to "show off power" to the Indians.
Fought over the Ohio River in Virginia. French were severely outnumbered but had more support from Indian tribes than the British did.
In the end, the British won and the treaty of Paris was signed, causing the French to move north into what is now Canada. Thus why most Canadians speak French.
Added to timeline:
World History ch. 4 timeline