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ELIZA: natural language processing computer program created at MIT Artificial Intelligence Laboratory by Joseph Weizenbaum. (jul 15, 1964 – jul 15, 1966)

Description:

Created to demonstrate
the superficiality of
communication between
humans and machines.

simulated conversation
by using a 'pattern matching'
and substitution methodology

gave users an illusion of
understanding on the part
of the program.

had no built-in framework
for contextualizing events.

Directives on how to interact
were provided by 'scripts',
written originally in MAD-Slip,

allowed ELIZA to process user
inputs and engage in discourse
following the rules and directions
of the script.

most famous script, DOCTOR,
simulated a Rogerian
psychotherapist

used rules, dictated in the script,
to respond with non-directional
questions to user inputs.

was one of the first chatterbots

one of the first programs capable
of attempting the Turing Test.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ELIZA

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Date:

jul 15, 1964
jul 15, 1966
~ 1 years and 11.0 months
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