Development of Industrial America (jan 1, 1870 – dec 31, 1900)
This period also witnessed unprecedented immigration and urbanization, both of which were indispensable to industrial expansion. American society, always polyglot, became even more diverse as immigrants thronged from southern and eastern Europe–and also from Asia, Mexico, and Central America. As newcomers created a new American mosaic, the old Protestant European Americans’ sway over the diverse people of this nation began to loosen. Related to this continuing theme of immigration was the search for national unity amid growing cultural diversity. How a rising system of public education promoted the assimilation of newcomers is an important topic for students to study.
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