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Progressivism (jan 2, 1890 – jan 1, 1914)

Description:

- Social, political, and economic reform that came as an American response to problems caused by industrialization, urbanization, and immigration
- Democratic reforms were made throughout the states and national government
- Reforms led to the 16th, 17th, and 18th Amendments
- Use the help of academics/intellectuals to guide policy (ex. Robert LaFollette)

DIFFERENCES WITH 1840s REFORM
- Appeal is broader
- Issues are broader
- Less focus on a single issue (abolition)
- Less coherent (ex. in 1912 election, all four candidates are Progressives)
- Populists and Progressives pretty much ignore Black Americans
- Racism, Nativism, and Imperialism central to many strands of Progressivism
- Religion plays a less central role

MAIN THREE PERSPECTIVES

RADICALS
- Inc. Socialists (ex. Debs), social gospel, some Populists
- Saw Capitalism as THE Problem
- Support government ownership of the Railroads and banks

LIBERALS/REFORMISTS
- Urban reformers, settlement house movement, women's suffrage movement, NAACP
- Fought to democratize govt. -- take it out the hands of the rich
- Wants govt. regulation of railroads and banks

CONSERVATIVES/NATIONALISTS
- Upper middle class reformers
- Want return to old “American” ideals
- Inc. ideas of the Yeoman farmer, economic opportunity ( “what made this country great”), cultural unity, racism/nativism, and desire to break up the power of the new rich

MUCKRAKERS
- American journalists, novelists, and critics who exposed corruptions, especially in business and politics
- Included Upton Sinclair, Ida Tarbell, Lincoln Steffens, Jacob Riis
- Led to increased support for the Progressive movement

Added to timeline:

7 months ago
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APUSH REVIEW

Date:

jan 2, 1890
jan 1, 1914
~ 24 years
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