July 31, 2021
For educational institutions
AOS3 Traditional Music
A timeline to scope the time period surrounding AOS3
⟶ Updated 2 Oct 2017 ⟶
List of edits
18 Sep 2017
AOS4 GCSE AQA Music
a timeline of modern Western Classical Music
Afro-American capella group, the Fisk Jubilee Singers, visited the UK on a fundraising tour and was asked to sing for Queen Victoria.
New Orleans city council establishes "Congo Square" as an official site for slave music and dance.
The first Africans are sold into slavery in America.
American Pianist Tommy Turpin writes Harlem Rag, the first known ragtime composition.
American Pianist Scott Joplin publishes his first two rags.
American Cornetist Buddy Bolden forms his band.
The first piano rags appear in print.
Ragtime grows in popularity.
American Jazz Pianist, Scott Joplin's Maple Leaf Rag is published and sells over 100,000 copies.
American bandleader Duke Ellington is born
Charles Booth's performance of J. Bodewalt Lange's Creole Blues is recorded for the new Victor label. This is the first acoustic recording of ragtime to be made commercially available
The American Federation of Musicians (the musicians union) votes to suppress ragtime.
American trumpet player Louis Armstrong is born
Lincoln Park is opened in New Orleans as a center for ragtime and early jazz performances.
American Jazz Pianist, Scott Joplin, publishes The Entertainer: a Ragtime Two-Step, which would become a popular hit nearly 70 years later.
American Pianist Jelly Roll Morton claims to have invented jazz in this year.
American Cornetist Buddy Bolden begins to develop a reputation in New Orleans for playing music that fuses elements of blues and ragtime.
American Tenor saxophonist Coleman Hawkins is born.
A black newspaper in Indianapolis releases a statement in reaction to racist songs popular during this period: "Composers should not set music to a set of words that are a direct insult to the colored race."
American Pianist Jelly Roll Morton composes King Porter Stomp.
American Cornetist Buddy Bolden is committed to a mental institution without having ever recorded any music.
American Pianist Scott Joplin moves to New York.
American Composer and conductor James Reese Europe founds the Clef Club, an association for Black musicians based in New York.
American Pianist Pianist Scott Joplin publishes his opera Treemonisha.
The word "jazz" first appears in print.
James Reese Europe records ragtime arrangements in New York with the first black ensemble to be recorded.
Pianist W.C. Handy writes St. Louis Blues.
American Trumpeter King Oliver forms a band in New Orleans with American Clarinetist Sidney Bechet.
American Vocalist Billie Holiday is born.
American Composer Scott Joplin dies.
The classic era of ragtime ends.
The Original Dixieland Jass Band (an all white group) makes the first jazz recording, Livery Stable Blues, and also becomes the first jazz group to appear on film in the movie, The Good for Nothing.
Jazz musicians begin to leave the city of New Orleans for the North.
American Trumpet player Dizzy Gillespie is born
American Pianist Thelonious Monk is born
American Bandleader King Oliver leaves New Orleans for Chicago
New Orleans trombonist Kid Ory moves to Los Angeles and forms a band, bringing jazz to new ears.
American Composer James Reese Europe is murdered by a fellow bandmate after an argument.
The town of Zion, Illinois bans jazz performances, labeling them "sinful."
Composer Pianist James P. Johnson records The Harlem Strut and Carolina Shout, the earliest stride piano recordings, in New York.
American Pianist William "Count" Basie makes his first recordings.
Ragtime publisher John Stark goes out of business signifying the end of ragtime.
American Trumpet player Louis Armstrong moves to Chicago to join King Oliver's Band.
American Blues singer Bessie Smith makes her first recording, Down-hearted Blues, which sells a million copies in six months and leads to her signing a nine-year contract with Columbia Records.
American Cornetist King Oliver's band, which includes Louis Armstrong on trumpet and Armstrong's wife Lil Hardin on piano, makes its first recordings, including Dippermouth Blues.
American Pianist Jelly Roll Morton, now based in Chicago, makes several recordings including solo pieces such as King Porter Stomp and performances with the New Orleans Rhythm Kings.
American Bandleader Duke Ellington makes his first recordings as leader of the Washingtonians.
American Composer George Gershwin debuts Rhapsody in Blue along with Paul Whiteman's band.
American Trumpet Player Louis Armstrong moves to New York City to work with Fletcher Henderson.
American Blues singer Bessie Smith and trumpeter Louis Armstrong record the classic version of W.C. Handy's St. Louis Blues for Columbia Records.
American Trumpet Player Louis Armstrong makes his first recordings with his group, the Hot Five.
American Pianist James P. Johnson records Charleston, which becomes a huge hit and gives rise to a dance of the same name.
Electrical recordings are introduced.
American Trumpeter Louis Armstrong has a huge hit and pioneers scat singing with his first recorded original composition, Heebie Jeebies, featuring his Hot Five.
American Pianist Jelly Roll Morton's group the Red Hot Peppers records in Chicago.
American Trumpet Player Miles Davis is born
American Saxophonist John Coltrane is born
American Trumpet Player Louis Armstrong makes his first recordings with his Hot Seven, which was the Hot Five plus drums and tuba.
American bandleader Duke Ellington begins his residency at the Cotton Club in Harlem, increasing the band from six to eleven members.
American Clarinetist Benny Goodman makes his first recordings.
Pianist Fats Waller participates in a mixed-race recording session in which he is forced to play behind a screen to separate him from the white musicians.
The film St. Louis Blues about the life of pianist W.C. Handy is released, featuring blues singer Bessie Smith, Handy as musical director, and pianist James P. Johnson's band.
American Free jazz saxophonist Ornette Coleman is born.
American Cornetist Bix Beiderbecke dies of pneumonia at age 38.
American Cornetist Buddy Bolden dies
RCA demonstrates the first 33 1/3 rmp long-playing disc.
American Bandleader Duke Ellington records It Don't Mean a Thing (If it Ain't' Got That Swing), the first jazz composition to use swing in the title.
American Clarinetist Benny Goodman begins his career with the Fletcher Henderson Orchestra.
American Pianist Art Tatum records his first piano solo, Tiger Rag, which is thought by many to be a duet.
American Singer Bessie Smith makes her last recordings.
American Singer Billie Holiday makes her first recording.
Fletcher Henderson's band folds due to financial difficulties and Henderson sells his arrangements to Benny Goodman, who performs with his band at Billy Rose's Music Hall in New York.
The journal Down Beat: the Contemporary Music Magazine is launched in Chicago.
The Quintette du Hot Club de France, featuring guitarist Django Reinhardt and violinist Stephane Grappelli, gives its first public performance at the Ecole Normale de Musique in Paris.
American Vocalist Ella Fitzgerald makes her first recordings.
American Clarinetist Benny Goodman records Fletcher Henderson's arrangement of Jelly Roll Morton's King Porter Stomp.
Benny Goodman begins recording with a racially integrated trio that includes pianist Teddy Wilson and drummer Gene Krupa.
George Gershwin's three-act opera Porgy and Bess opens at the Alvin Theater in New York
American Vocalist Billie Holiday makes several recordings with pianist Teddy Wilson, including What a Little Moonlight Can Do.
American Vocalist Billie Holiday and Teddy Wilson record I Cried for You, which goes on to sell 15,000 copies.
American Pianist Nat King Cole makes his first recordings with the Solid Swingers, a band led by his brother, Eddie Cole, a bassist.
American Bandleader Benny Goodman, adding vibraphonist Lionel Hampton to his trio, records Moonglow, which starts a series of popular quartet recordings.
American Bandleader Duke Ellington provides music for the Marx Brothers movie A Day at the Races.
American Vocalist Billie Holiday makes her debut with Count Basie's band.
American Saxophonist Coleman Hawkins records with Django Reinhardt and saxophonist Benny Carter in Paris.
American Bandleader Duke Ellington records Caravan, by Juan Tizol.
American Bandleader Count Basie and his band broadcasts from the Savoy Ballroom in Harlem.
Count Basie's band records One O'clock Jump, which becomes their signature tune.
American Bandleader Benny Goodman records Sing, Sing, Sing.
American Composer George Gershwin dies of a brain tumor.
American Vocalist Bessie Smith dies in a car accident.
American Trumpeter Dizzy Gillespie makes his first recordings
American Bandleader Benny Goodman's band hosts a sold out concert at Carnegie Hall which features a jazz history element and a jam session with members of Duke Ellington’s and Count Basie's bands. After the Goodman concert, Count Basie's band and Chick Webb's band have an informal competition at the Savoy Ballroom.
American Cornetist King Oliver dies after years in poverty working as a pool-room janitor.
American Bandleader Benny Goodman's band records Bach Goes to Town: Prelude and Fugue in Swing, which combines elements of classical music and swing.
A new band led by American Trombonist Glenn Miller gains notoriety through regular radio broadcasts.
American Vocalist Billie Holiday records Strange Fruit, with controversial lyrics regarding lynchings which causes it to be banned from several radio stations.
American Bandleader Glenn Miller records the hugely successful In The Mood.
American Bandleader Benny Goodman hires guitarist Charlie Christian.
Lester Young records Lester Leaps In with Count Basie.
American Saxophonist Coleman Hawkins records Body and Soul, setting a new standard for improvisational sophistication on the saxophone.
American Singer Ma Rainey dies.
A young American Saxophonist, Charlie Parker moves to New York to pursue music
Blue note records is founded
John Fitzgerald Kennedy was elected as president
Painter Pablo Picasso's first exhibit is held in Paris
U.S. President William McKinley is assassinated.
Theodore Roosevelt becomes president.
The Wright brothers make their first successful flight.
Scientist Albert Einstein presents his special theory of relativity
Pizza is introduced at Lombardi's in New York.
The first wireless broadcast of classical music is produced in New York.
Robert Peary reaches the North Pole.
Alcohol is banned in Tennessee.
Hawaii becomes official US terratory
The Electric Theatre, the first movie theatre in the US opened in LA
The Ice cream cone was invented
Alcohol is banned in in North Carolina and Georgia
Mark Twain dies.
The Titanic sinks.
60-floor Woolworth Building is completed, making it the largest building in the world.
Vernon and Irene Castle, a married dance team, begins performing floor shows at James Europe's shows.
Scott Joplin stages Treemonisha himself and the show fails.
The U.S. Navy closes New Orleans's Storyville red-light district.
Revolution occurs in Russia.
The U.S. enters World War I.
Labor and housing tensions lead to race riots in Chicago, East St. Louis, Washington, D.C. and other cities, killing hundreds and burning thousands out of their homes.
Marie Curie isolates radium.
Civil War occurs in Mexico.
The Titanic sinks.
Woodrow Wilson becomes President.
World War I begins in Europe.
The Great Migration begins; over the next 65 years 6 million Blacks will leave the South for northern cities, the mid-west and California, carrying their musical influences with them.
Albert Einstein presents his general theory of relativity.
World War I ends.
winton Churchill becomes pm of Britain
Japan bombs Pearl Harbour and Hawaii
Pianist Oscar Peterson makes his first recordings.
Thelonious Monk is arrested for possession of drugs and banned from performing in New York night clubs for six years
The Korean war begins
George Orwell dies
NATO is formed.
New York police strip thelonious <monk
The town of Zion, Illinois bans jazz performances, labeling them "sinful."
The first network radio broadcast occurs in the U.S.
Earthquake in Tokyo kills 100,000.
Calvin Coolidge becomes President.
trumpeter, Cootie Williams, leaves Duke Ellingtons band and was replaced by drum,peter and violinist, Ray Nance.
Cootie Williams forms his own orchestra, which eventually employs musicians such as Eddie Lockjaw Davis, Charlie Parker and bud powell
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