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Beginning of the temporal power of the papacy. (The Pope is promised power over central Italy
Beginning of the reign of Charlemagne.
Charlemagne is crowned Holy Roman Emperor. At this point, his empire is the greatest since the Romans.
Death of Charlemagne
Charlemagne's empire is divided. This is the beginning of the split between France and the Holy Roman Empire.
Henry The Fowler becomes the first king of the Ottonian Dynasty
Canute the Great becomes King of England. This is after the death of Edmund Ironside, who shared the English throne with him.
The Dictatus Papae is published, where Pope Gregory VII defines the powers of the pope.
Final Crusade. Pope Urban II retakes Jerusalem from the Muslims.
The Anarchy begins in England. This is a 19-year-long period of struggle in which the powers of Stephen and Matilda battle for the throne.
The Roman Empire falls. Rome, which had ruled over a lot of territory for a long time, falls. Land and power is scattered. Beginning of the Dark Ages.
The Franks (a tribe) form a kingdom. Clovis is the king, and he unites most of Gaul.
Prophet Muhammad is born
Gregory the Great becomes pope.
Death of Prophet Muhammad
Constantinople is sacked in the middle of the Fourth Crusade
Ottoman Empire is founded by Osman I
The Anarchy. A period of civil war in England. Ends with the crowning of Henry II and the Plantagenet dynasty.
The Fifth Crusade
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