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Birth of Prophet Muhammad
Muhammad starts preaching
Death of Khadija
Conquest of Mecca
Death of Muhammad
Death of Aisha
Beginning of Ridda Wars
End of Ridda Wars
Conquest of Damascus by Khalid ibn al Walid
Conquest of Alexandria by 'Amr bin al-'As. Conquest of Egypt complete
Conquest of Jerusalem by Khalid ibn al Walid
Battle of Al Qadisiyyah - conquest of Iraq
Conquest of Persia and destruction of Sassanid Empire complete
Conquest of Carthage
Conquest of Tangiers
Battle of Tours (also know as Battle of Poitiers) - Franks led by Charles Martel defeat Muslim armies
Conquest of Spain complete - timeline unclear due to paucity of sources
Conquest of Bukhara and Samarqand by Qutayba ibn Muslim
Battle of Talas (modern day Kyrgyzstan) - Abbasids halt Tang dynasty expansion
Battle of the Trench - Quraysh lay siege to Medina
Battle of Badr - Muslims defeat Meccans
Battle of Uhud - Meccans fail to take Medina
Battle of Mu'tah - Arabs repelled by Byzantines in Jordan
Abu Bakr dies - Umar succeeds as second Caliph
Abu Bakr (father of Aisha) becomes first of the Rashidun Caliphs
Umar assassinated by Piruz Nahavandi (Abu Al Lu'lu'ah)
Uthman succeeds as third Caliph
'Uthman assassinated by Egyptian rebels
'Ali (cousin and son-in-law of the Prophet) becomes fourth Caliph. Causes anger by not punishing rebels who killed 'Uthman.
'Ali assassinated by Kharijite while praying in Kufa. Buried in Najaf.
Battle of Siffin - 'Ali and Mu'awiya's forces fight at Raqqa. Resolved by mediation - leads to Kharijite rebellion against 'Ali.
Mu'awiya crowned in Jerusalem after 'Ali's son Hasan ibn 'Ali abdictes. End of Rasidun and beginning of 'Ummayad dynasty
Battle of the Camel - Aisha and supporters fight 'Ali in Basra. Ends in reconciliation.
Battle of Yarmouk - defeat of Byzantines by Khalid ibn al Walid
Muhammad al-Bukhari writes Sahih Al-Bukhari (hadith compilation) Around the same time Muslim ibn Hajjaj writes Sahih Muslim
Imru' al-Qais, most famous of Jahili poets, dies in Ankara
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