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Communist China timeline
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Conservative time line
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Europe imposes on China. Opium Wars with Britian
Qing Dynasty falls leaving the country at the mercy of warlords.
Mao is founding member of CCP
GMD (nationalists) led by Chiang Kai-Shek currently working with CCP to fight warlords.
Civil war begins
Japan Occupies China
CCP defeat GMD and establish power over China creating Peoples Republic of China (PRC)
British exports of opium to China was estimated to be 15 tons
British exports of Opium to China increased to an estimated 75 tons
The Qing Empire established a ban on Opium products
Jiang Zemin takes over as Chinese Communist Party general secretary
Russia and China sign declaration restoring friendly ties.
Chinese troops enter the Korean War
Nixon visits China
Chairman Mao Zedong dies; Hue Guofeng takes over as Chairman of the Party
Britain and China agree terms for the handing back of Hong Kong
China is criticized for human rights abuses and loses bid to host the Year 2000 Olympics.
A 20-year-old PLA soldier, Lei Feng, is killed in an accident in Anshan.
Mao initiates the Socialist Education Movement, a rectification-style campaign to remove reactionaries from the CCP.
China wins a brief war with India over disputed borders.
The diaries of Lei Feng are published and distributed as pro-Mao and pro-party propaganda. The ‘Learn From Lei Feng’ campaign commences.
The first publication of Quotations from Chairman Mao Zedong, the famous ‘little red book’.
China explodes an atomic weapon at Lop Nur, becoming the world’s fifth nuclear power after the US, Britain, Soviet Russia and France.
Yao Wenyuan publishes critical reviews of the play Hai Rui Dismissed from Office.
The CCP Politburo formally proclaims the beginning of the Cultural Revolution.
The first organised brigade of Red Guards is formed at Tsinghua University High School.
The People’s Daily, the party’s official newspaper, calls for the purging of all “imperialists” from the government, the CCP and the bureaucracy.
‘Mao’s Good Swim’: the 72-year-old leader takes a leisurely swim across the Yangzte River, dispelling rumours about his failing health.
A Mao Zedong-penned article titled “Bombard the Headquarters” calls for mass purges of rightists.
The CCP Central Committee issues its 16 Points, calling for a mass revolution.
The first of eight Red Guard rallies in Tiananmen Square.
Lin Biao gives a speech encouraging students to criticise and purge “Khrushchevists”.
More than a thousand people in Shanghai are murdered or forced to suicide by Red Guards.
Peng Dehuai is publicly ridiculed and beaten by Red Guards.
Lin Biao and Jiang Qing initiate the ‘January storm’, a purging of Shanghai city officials.
Liu Shaoqi, under pressure from the Red Guards, resigns all his government and party posts.
Liu Shaoqi is formally expelled from the CCP.
Mao initiates an ‘Up to the Mountains, Down to the Countryside’ movement, forcing many urban students to relocate and work in rural areas.
Chinese forces clash with USSR troops in the Ussiri River border region.
Mao proclaims the ‘active’ phase of the Cultural Revolution to be over.
CCP ninth congress formalises Lin Biao as Mao’s second-in-charge and successor.
Liu Shaoqi dies in prison after months of beatings and denial of medical treatment.
The Ninth Party Congress winds up, after purging Chen Boda and ordering his arrest.
A table tennis team from the United States accepts an invitation to visit Beijing. This ‘ping pong diplomacy’, as it becomes known, contributes to a thaw in US-Chinese relations.
US National Security Advisor Henry Kissinger makes a secret visit to China.
Assassination attempts against Mao and a thwarted coup attempt, allegedly orchestrated by Lin Biao.
Lin Biao and his family die after their plane crashes attempting to flee China.
China is granted one of five seats in the United Nations Security Council.
China re-establishes diplomatic relations with Japan.
Deng Xiaoping is rehabilitated and reinstated as vice-premier, at the behest of Zhou Enlai.
The Tenth Party Congress of the CCP accepts a program of moderate economic modernisation.
The Fourth People’s Congress approves the Four Modernisations, a program to strengthen Chinese agriculture, industry, national defence and technology.
Zhou Enlai proclaims the Four Modernisations in the People’s Congress, his last significant public act.
Deng Xiaoping becomes CCP vice chairman and a member of the Politburo Standing Committee.
Guomindang leader and former generalissimo Jiang Jieshi dies in Taiwan.
Mao Zedong becomes gravely ill and is admitted to hospital.
The death of Zhou Enlai from bladder cancer.
Deng Xiaoping is purged from the CCP for a second time.
The ‘Tiananmen incident’. The Gang of Four orders the suppression of mourners for Zhou Enlai.
The death of Red Army and PLA commander Zhu De.
The death of Mao Zedong from motor neurone disease.
The city of Tangshan in Hebei province is struck by an earthquake measuring 7.8 on the Richter scale. Approximately one quarter million people are killed.
Members of the Gang of Four are arrested.
The Long March the GMD destroy CCP's base in Jiangxi. CCP escape North to Yanann, through dangerous terrain, of 100,00 who set out 20.000 survive.
Yanan years- Mao imposes his authority on CCP and sets out major political ideas.
Confucius creats a set of rules which everyone lives by- focused on maintain Hierarchy.
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