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Afghanistan and Myanmar
8 months ago
Commercial production of drugs began. Financed by CIA, USA and West against Soviets.
Became monopoly 93% global market in illicit opiates
Sharp decrease in production - Taliban prohibits
Sept 11 USA terrorist attack
USA reacivated relationshiip with Northern Alliance Warlords/ Bonn Agreement to fight against Taliban / Al Qaeda
Election fraud undermines legitimacy for Hamid Karzai
Poppy production reduced 6% - policy or drought? Or global food crisis
1st Transition - actors, drug trade profits for anti soviet force
2nd Transition - commeercially driven drug industry, biggest source of income in war economy
3rd Transition - consolidated war economy NA and Taliban supported by drug industry
4th Phase - NA integrated into legitimate political system yet still using drug money
Global food crisis
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