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Unify Italy Timeline By Jason Gutierrez
2 months ago
In 1839 Italian politician Giuseppe Mazzini formed a society called Young Italy.
August 24,1849: Venice falls to Austrian forces that have crushed the rebellion in Venetia and other northern Italian states.
1850: Garibaldi moves to New York City after the Pope takes control of Pompeii.
November 11,1852: Conte Camillo Benso di Cavour to Veneti.
July 1, 1852:Napoleon III meets with Franz Joseph (Austria) and backs out of the war. Among other land negotiations, Lombardy will be transferred to Sardinia.
November 10,1852: Treaty of Zurich ends conflict in northern Italy for a time; Sardinia occupies some central Italian states.
December,1852: Tuscany, Parma, Modena, and some other states join the United Provinces of Central Italy, and seek annexation by Sardinia.
March 20,1852: Sardinia annexes central Italian states by giving Nice and Savoy to the French, now only four states remain in Italy: Austrians in Venetia, the Papal States, the Kingdom of Piedmont-Sardinia, and the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies.
Febuary 18,1860: Victor Emmanuel II assumes title of King of Italy with an Italian parliament under him.
May 6,1860: Garibaldi and about a thousand Italian red-shirts volunteers leave Genoa, and on.
May 11, 1860: Garibaldi land near Marsala on the west coast of Sicily.
May 14, 1860: After many victories, Garibaldi names himself dictator of Sicily.
May 27,1860: With British help Garibaldi seizes capital of Palermo.
August 18, 1860: Basilicata is the first continental province to declare the fall of Francis II.
March 17,1861:Official Proclamation of the Kingdom of Italy.
June 6,1861: Camillo di Cavour dies after seeing his life’s work almost fulfilled, with only Venetia, and the Papal States not under Italian control.
June, 1862: Being frustrated with inaction against the Papal States, Garibaldi sails from Genoa to Palermo to gather volunteers for a Rome expedition.
August 14,1862: Garibaldi sails for Melito on the southern coast of Italy and vows to march to Rome.
1865: Capital moves from Turin to Florence.
June 20,1866: Italy enters the Austro-Prussian war against Austria with Prussia promising Venetia if they win.
July 26, 1866: Prussia signs armistice with Austria.
August 12, 1866: Italy ends war with Austria after Prussia signs armistice.
October, 1867:Garibaldi seeks Rome and Papal States but fails, revolutions inside Rome are also suppressed.
July, 1870:With the outbreak of the Franco-Prussian war, Napoleon III calls back troops from Rome.
September 11, 1870: Italian Army slowly advances toward Rome.
September 20, 1870:Italian forces enter Rome with some casualties and, after a plebiscite, Rome is annexed by the Kingdom of Italy.
June, 1871:The capital of the Kingdom of Italy is officially moved from Florence to Rome.
1848: Revolutions of 1848 in the Italian states.
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