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15 Manufacturing Events/Advances
23 Jan 2018
George Washington signs first U.S Patent on July 31, 1790. President George Washington signed the first U.S. Patent on July 31, 1790. The first patent was issued to Samuel Hopkins for a process of making potash, an ingredient used in fertilizer. From the 1940s to today, the U.S. Department of Energy holds more than 34,000 patents.
1791-Alexander Hamilton's Report on the Subject of Manufactures December 1791, Alexander Hamilton's Report on the Subject of Manufactures, which he delivered to Congress in the hopes of breaking Britain’s manufacturing hold on the United States.
1798- Early Creation of “Lean Manufacturing” and "Just-In-Time Production" today's concept of Lean Manufacturing and Just in Time (JIT) Production can be traced back to Eli Whitney’s construction interchangeable parts. Eli Whitney began manufacturing musket rifles for the new American government. At his armory he pioneered the use of interchangeable parts and the milling machine. A year later he invented the famous cotton gin, a machine used to separate cotton seeds from cotton fiber.
1820-US Industrial Revolution Begins Coal power and machine production change the world. A rapid creation of new invents, ideas, and thoughts.
1830- Peter Cooper Develops American Steam Locomotive The first American-build steam locomotive, "Tom Thumb," was created by Peter Cooper. The coal-burning engine led to the replacement of horse-drawn trains.
1876- First Industrial Research Laboratory Thomas Edison created the first industrial research laboratory in Menlo Park, New Jersey called the Menlo Park Laboratory. It was the first of its kind, and inspired the government to invest in industrial research.
1888- Nikola Tesla’s Invention of the Induction motor Induction motor, first electric motor operation on AC power. The induction motor was a pioneer for industrial electric motors, and assembly line.
1895- Nikola Tesla, Niagara Falls first Hydroelectric Operating Power System. A breakthrough in electric power. Increased power supply in the northeast for industry and modernized power grid for the future.
1903-First Controlled Airplane Takes Flight Orville and Wilbur Wright More commonly referred to as the "Wright Brothers," were two American pioneering inventors who achieved the first airplane flight on December 17, 1903. This started a new industry in aero-space and flying.
1913-Ford Installs First Moving Assembly Line Henry Ford created the first moving assembly line for the mass production of automobiles. The moving assembly line reduced the time it took to build a car from more than 12 hours to two hours and 30 minutes.Henry Ford created the first moving assembly line for the mass production of automobiles. The moving assembly l ine reduced the time it took to build a car from more than 12 hours to two hours and 30 minutes.
1947-International Organization for Standardization Founded ISO is founded to develop international standards for business and technology. Improved current rules and regulations for industry.
1953- First CAD Software Created Revolutionized the industrial industry. More precise blueprints and design.
1954- First Commercial Silicon Transistor & First Programming Language. Texas Instruments announces availability of commercial transistors. IBM introduced the first programming language called FORTRAN. Derived from Formula Translating System, FORTRAN is a general-purpose, imperative programming language that is especially suited to numeric computation and scientific computing.
1958: Integrated Circuits, or "Chips" Developed In 1958, the introduction of integrated circuits allowed a higher level of processing laying the groundwork for more industrial automation.
1960s: The Development and Use of Overall Equipment Effectiveness (OEE) Overall equipment effectiveness (OEE) is a hierarchy of metrics developed by Seiichi Nakajima in the 1960s to evaluate how effectively a manufacturing operation is utilized. It is based on the Harrington Emerson way of thinking regarding labor efficiency. The results are stated in a generic form which allows comparison between manufacturing units in differing industries.
1962- Discovery of LED Lighting General Electric Company scientist, Nick Holonyack, invented the first visible light LED. Holonyack is often called the "Father of the light emitting diode" for his pioneering of the technology.
1970: The Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA) Introduced. OSHA standards around safety and health in the American workplace, and primarily in the American Manufacturing industry are developed and put in place. This ushers in a focus on safety in manufacturing.
1976-IACs Helps Boost Efficiency For Small And Medium Manufacturers. Industrial Assessment Centers (IACs) were created by the Department of Commerce in 1976 and later moved to the new Department of Energy in 1978. The IAC program has helped increase the energy efficiency, productivity, sustainability and competitiveness of small and medium-enterprises (SMEs)
1977-Department of Energy was Founded On August 4, 1977, President Jimmy Carter signed The Department of Energy Organization Act of 1977 which created the twelfth cabinet-level department, The Department of Energy.
1980- The Rise of 3D Printing Chuck Hull of 3D Systems invented the first 3D printing technology in the early 1980s. The first item he ever printed was a tiny cup that was used as an eye wash. Today, AMO uses additive manufacturing, more commonly known as 3D printing, for a wide variety of purposes across multiple projects to reduce waste, decrease lead time, and offer more flexibility in design.
1981: The First PC Introduced With the introduction of the first personal computer. The IBM Personal Computer, commonly known as the IBM PC, is the original version and progenitor of the IBM PC compatible hardware platform. The consumer rise of the use of computers powers the ubiquity of using com
2000-Robotics Use Increases in Manufacturing Although the first industrial robot was designed by George Devol in 1954, robotics use has become more advanced and sophisticated in the 21st century. Robotics create efficiencies, are highly flexible and cost-effective, and allow companies to stay competitive.
2015-ORNL and AMO reveal 3D printed Shelby Cobra The 3D Printed Shelby Cobra was printed at the Department of Energy's Manufacturing Demonstration Facility at Oak Ridge using the BAAM (Big Area Additive Manufacturing) machine. The Shelby will allow research and development of integrated components to be tested and enhanced in real time, improving the use of sustainable, digital manufacturing solutions in the automotive industry.
2016-ORNL Produces the World's Largest Solid 3D-Printed Object Researchers at Oak Ridge National Lab developed a 3D-printed version of a “trim-and-drill” tool that Boeing uses to build the wings on its passenger aircraft. About the size of an SUV, the tool weighs 1,650 lbs and measures 17.5 feet long, 5.5 feet wide and 1.5 feet tall, making it the world’s largest solid object made with a 3D printer. I t took 30 hours to print using carbon fiber and composite plastic materials.
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