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Gottfried Leibniz pioneers the binary number system now used in virtually all computers.
Wolfgang von Kempelen develops a mechanical speaking machine: the world's first speech synthesizer.
Italian Alessandro Volta makes the first battery (known as a Voltaic pile).
William Sturgeon develops the first practical electric motor.
Italian Giovanni Caselli develops a mechanical fax machine called the pantelegraph.
Christopher Latham Sholes invents the modern typewriter and QWERTY keyboard.
French brothers Joseph and Louis Lumiere invent movie projectors and open the first movie theater.
Philo T. Farnsworth invents modern electronic television.
Peter Goldmark pioneers color television.
Chester Carlson invents the principle of photocopying (xerography).
Igor Sikorsky builds the first truly practical helicopter.
Soviet Union (Russia and her allies) launch the Sputnik space satellite.
Ivan Sutherland develops Sketchpad, one of the first computer-aided design programs.
Astronauts walk on the Moon.
Ted Hoff builds the first single-chip computer or microprocessor.
Robert Metcalfe figures out a simple way of linking computers together that he names Ethernet. Most computers hooked up to the Internet now use it.
WRAL-HD broadcasts the first high-definition television (HDTV) signal in the United States.
Apple introduces a touchscreen cellphone called the iPhone.
3D TV starts to become more widely available.
Supercomputers (the world's fastest computers) are now a mere 30 times less powerful than human brains.
Quantum computing shows signs of becoming a practical technology.
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