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German/Italian Unification timeline
3 months ago
Risorgimento ideology established throughout Italy after the defeat of Napoleon.
(November 4, 1852) Camilo di Cavour is named Prime Minister of Sardinia.
Crimean War (Oct 5, 1853 – Mar 30, 1856) War between Russia and the Ottoman Empire for control of the Crimean Peninsula. The Ottomans, with Sardinian support, took control of the peninsula
Austro-Sardinian War: (29 April – 11 July 1859) War between Austria and the combined forces of Central Italy and Sardinia which ultimately resulted in the Italians finally gaining their independence from the Austrians
Napoleon III, President of France (20 December 1848 – 2 December 1852) then Emperor of the French, (2 December 1852 – 4 September 1870), who sent troops to aid Sardinia in the fight against Austria in the Austro-Sardinian War.
Giuseppe Garibaldi (July 26, 1866) Leader of the Redshirts, who were a small band of nationalists fighters who played a pivotal role in unifying Italy.
King Victor Emmanuel II named the first King of Italy (March 17, 1861)
Austro-Prussian War (14 June – 26 July 1866) War between Austria and Prussia which resulted in the formation of Austria-Hungary and the Italian annexation of Venetia.
Franco-Prussian War (July 19, 1870–May 10, 1871) Started because of a member of the Prussian royal family taking the Spanish throne. Saw the end of the Second French Empire, formation of the Third French Republic, and the formation of the German Empire.
Zollverein (Customs Union): January 1, 1834: German trade confederation between a majority of the states in Germany. Was a critical step to the reunification of Germany.
Iron and Blood Speech (30 September 1862) Speech given by Otto von Bismarck which was meant to persuade the Prussian House of Representatives to go to war in order to unify Germany.
Kaiser Wilhelm I (January 18, 1871) First Emperor of Germany. Coronation on January 18, 1871.
Bismarck appointed Chancellor: 1 July 1867: Bismarck is appointed Chancellor of the Northern German Confederation, and with his political maneuvering over the following 4 years, Germany was unified.
Ems Dispatch (July 13, 1870) Telegram sent by Otto von Bismarck which provoked France into mobilizing its military, thus starting the Franco-Prussia, which ended in the defeat of France and the Unification of Germany.
Northern German Confederation (18 August 1866 -18 January 1871) Confederation of German states formed after the Seven Weeks’ War, whose constitution served as a basis for that of the German Empire’s.
Danish War (24 March 1848 – 8 May 1852) War between the German Confederation who was aided by Prussia, and Denmark to determine control of the Schleswig and Holstein duchies. Denmark maintained control of the duchies after the end of the war.
Frankfurt Assembly (May 1, 1848-May 31, 1849) First freely elected parliament for all of Germany. Established a parliamentary democracy in Germany.
Italian unification period (June 15, 1815-March 17 1861)
German unification period (January 1, 1834 - January 18, 1871)
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