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American Colossus timeline
2 months ago
Credit Mobilier- Building of the eastern portion of first transcontinental railroad. 1. Construction railroad charged the railroad for higher rates than usual. 2. $9 million in discounted stock were given as bribes to 15 powerful Washington politicians.
John D. Rockefeller- Created a near- monopoly of the oil business in the US, called The Standard Oil Company
J.P Morgan- One of the most powerful bankers of his era
Booker T. Washington- Founded the Tuskegee Institute a black school in Alabama for training teachers.
Chinese Exclusion Act- First significant law restricting immagration.
Dawes Act- Authorized the president of the United States to survey american Indian tribal land and divide it into allotments for individual indains.
Andrew Carnegie- Owned Carnegie Steel Corporation, was a industralist, and led to the expansion of the america steel industry identified as one of the richest people ever.
Eugene Debs- Created the American Railway Union , an industral union.
Atlanta Compromise- An agreement between Booker T. Washington, other African-American leaders and southern white leaders.
Gold Standard Act- Established gold as the only standrad for redemming paper money, stopping bimetallism.
Grange- A fraternal Organization in the us that encouraged families to promote economic and political well being of the community and agriculture.
Great Railroad Strike- In response of Baltimore and Ohio railroad cutting wages of workers for the third time that year, the workers would not allow any trains, mainly free trains, to roll until this third wage cut was revoked.
Great Sioux War- Series of battles and negotations, caused by the US desire to obtain the Black Hills.
Haymarket Affair- The aftermath of the bombing, beginning as a peaceful rally in support of workers striking for an eight-hour day and in reaction to the killing of several workers the previous day by the police.
Henry Clay Frick- Came to head with carnegie's steel company, but would form the US Steel Corporation.
Homestead Strike- An industrial lockout and strike, cumulating in a battle between strikers and private secret agents
Insular Cases- Are a series of opinons by the US supreme court about the status territories acquired in the spanish-american war.
Interstate Commerce Commission- A regulatory agency in the US created by interstate commerce act of 1887,
Joseph Pulitzer- One of the best journalist in the united states at one time.
Labor Unions- A federation of different unions and did not directly enroll workers.
Lochner V. New york- Landmark US labor Law case in the US supreme court, holding that limits to working time violated the 14th Amendment.
Mother Jones- a political progressive, she was a founder of the social democratic party.
New Immagrants- Came From Southern and eastern Europe.
Plessy v. Ferguson- Advanced the controversial "Separate but equal" doctrine for assessing the constitutionality of racial separation laws.
Populist Party- An agrarian-populist political party in the US.
Pullman Strike- A nationwide railroad strike, a turning point for US Labor Law.
Reconstruction End- Hayes withdrew the last of the federal troops.
Sherman Anti-Trust Act - landmark antitrust law
Spanish-American War- War fought by the US and Spain.
The Pinkertons- A detective agency establisted in the United States.
William Randolph Hearst- World Publisher, earning attention for his "yellow Journalism".
Wounded Knee- Massacre, final clash between federal troops and the sioux.
President Abraham Lincoln 1861-1865 (assasinated)
President Andrew Johnson 1865-1869
President Ulysses S. Grant 1869-1877
President Rutherford B. Hayes 1877-1881
President James A. Garfield 1881-1881
President Chester A. Arthur 1881-1885
President Grover Cleavland 1885-1889
President Benjamin Harrison 1889-1893
President Grover Cleveland 1893-1897
President Wiliam Mckinley 1897-1901
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