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RDNG 230 The History of the English Language Timeline
For my Reading 230 class
19 Sep 2017
Anglo Saxon settlement of Britain Begins
St. Augustine arrives in Britain, this is the beginning of Christian Conversion
Approximate date of the Earliest manuscript records in Old English
The venerable Bede publishes The Ecclesiastical History of English
Viking raids and settlements begin
Alfred becomes king of Wessex. He has Latin works translated into English and begins the practice of English prose.
Charles II of France grants Normandy to the Viking chief Hrolf the Granger. This is the beginning of Norman French.
The oldest surviving manuscript of Beowulf dates from this period
The Norman conquest
The oldest surviving manuscripts of Middle English date from this period.
Henry II conquers Ireland
King John loses the province of Normandy to France
University of Cambridge is fromed by scholars from Oxford
Magna Carta is signed by King John
English replaces Latin as the medium of instruction in schools, other than Oxford and Cambridge which retain Latin
The Statue of Pleading replaces French with English as the language of Law
Wyclif publishes his English translation of the Bible
Chaucer begins the Canterbury Tales
King Henry IV becomes the first English monarch to deliver a speech in English
William Caxton establishes the first English printing press
Columbus discovers the New World
Fyrst Boke of the Introduction of Knowledge by Andrew Boorde. This book illustrates regional dialects
First version of the Book of Common Prayer
Thomas Wilson publishes The Art of Rhetorique, one of the first works on logic and rjetoric in English
First grammar of English- William Bullokar's Pamphlet for Grammar is published.
Jamestown, the first permanent English settlement in the New World is established
The authorized, or King James version of the Bible is published
Weekly News, the first English newspaper is published in London
The First Folio edition of Shakespeare's plays is published
The Royal Society of London appoints a committee to consider ways of "improving" English as a language of science.
John Milton publishes Paradise Lost
Aphra Behn, the first women novelist in England publishes Oroonoko, or the History of the Royal Slave.
Publication of the first daily English-language newspaper, The Daily Courant, in London.
First copywrite act is enacted in England
Samuel Johnson is born
Samuel Johnson publishes his 2 volume dictionary
Robert Lowth publishes his Short Introduction to English Grammar
Cook discovers Austrila
The Decleration of Independence was signed-> this lead to the creation of the United States which was the first country outside of the British Isles with English as the principle language
Noah Webster publishes his American Spelling Book
Noah Webster publishes Dissertations on the English Language, which advocates an American standard of usage.
William Hazlitt publishes A New and Improved Grammar of the English Language.
John Pickering complies the first dictionary of Americanisms.
Noah Webster publishes his American Dictionary of the English Language
Richard Whateley publishes the Elements of Rhetoric
The telegraph is invented by Samuel Morse
First edition of Roget's Theaurus is publishes
Alexander Graham Bell invents the telephone
Henry Fowler publishes the first edition of this Dictionary of Modern English usage
The Oxford English Dictionary is published
British linguist C.K. Ogden introduces Basic English
The number of speakers using English as a second language exceeds the number of native speakers
Webster's Third New International Dictionary is published
Canada officially becomes bilinguial, with English and French
The internet is opened to commercial interests
The second edition of The Oxford English Dictionary is published
David Crystal publishes The Cmabridge Encyclopedia of the English Language
The Oxford English Dictionary online is made available to subscribers
The two-volume Historical Thesaurus of the Oxford English Dictionary is published by Oxford University Press
Earliest Old English inscriptions date from this period
Early Modern English
Shakespeare writes his sonnets and the majority of his plays
Late Modern English
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