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19 Sep 2017
Cyrus the Great founds Persia and the Achaemenid Empire
Cyrus captures Babylon and frees the Jews
Cyrus's son, Cambyses captures Egypt
Darius I becomes king, he reestablishes the empire and extends its.
Darius invades the Greek mainland, he is defeated at the battle of Marathon
Alexander begins a Persian campaign, invades Mesopotamia and Persia
Alexander dies the empire is divided by the generals.
Seleucid's emerge as the next dynasty in Iran
Parthians overthrow Seleucid dynasty and establish their own
Arshedir overthrow the last Parthian ruler, Arshedir establish the Sassanian dynasty, capital is at Ctesiphon
Shahpur, military commander declares war on Romans.
Muslim armies capture Ctesiphon, Sassanian dynasty is falling
Sassanian army defeated, Iran is now under muslim rule
Xerxes invade Greece and fight at Thermopylae. Athens falls to Persia
At the battle of Salamis, Greek navy makes Persia retreat to Asia.
Persians retreat and encamp and Plataea, Greeks attack and the Persians lose again.
Sparta makes the Athenian Empire, many Greek city states join it. Combined forces fight Persia for 20 years
General Cimon captures an important Persian stronghold
General Cimon starts freeing towns and small states from Persia
Greeks try to help an Egyptian revolt, badly defeated. Stops Athenian expansion
Persia and Athens make a treaty
Alexander the Great rises to power
Battle of Gaugamela occurs, Persia is completely defeated and conquered by Alexander.
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