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Party Development in USA
Party eras in America and how the political party system evolved over time.
6 months ago
Madison warned against factions. Hamilton inaugurated it into system. First party = Federalist Party Dem-Rep defeated Feds
Jackson-founded pp system. Van Buren argued that a party could not aspire to pleasing all the people all the time. governing party needed a loyal opposition to represent parts of society that it could not.
In 1828, Jackson forged a new coalition(Westerners, Southerners, new immigrants, settled Americans)
The Republicans = the antislavery party.
Slavery dominated politics Split Whigs and Dems
2nd Rep = watershed election of 1896 (populists vs. republicans).
Hoover elected 1928
stock market crach 1929 Hoover fails to deal with GD
FDR (Dem) beats Hoover (Rep) party realignment 1932
Southern realignment - gradually over the four decades since 1968.
pattern of a divided party government president is of one party, Congress a majority of another.
party system has dealigned rather than realigned
Feds had capitalist interests Dem-Reps had agrarian
The First Party System (1796-1824)
Democrats vs. Whigs 1826-1856
The Two Republican Eras (1860-1928)
The New Deal Coalition (1932-1964)
Southern Realignment and the Era of Divided Party Government (1968-Present)
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