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Party Development in USA
10 months ago
Party eras in America and how the political party system evolved over time.
Madison warned against factions. Hamilton inaugurated it into system. First party = Federalist Party Dem-Rep defeated Feds
Jackson-founded pp system. Van Buren argued that a party could not aspire to pleasing all the people all the time. governing party needed a loyal opposition to represent parts of society that it could not.
In 1828, Jackson forged a new coalition(Westerners, Southerners, new immigrants, settled Americans)
The Republicans = the antislavery party.
Slavery dominated politics Split Whigs and Dems
2nd Rep = watershed election of 1896 (populists vs. republicans).
Hoover elected 1928
stock market crach 1929 Hoover fails to deal with GD
FDR (Dem) beats Hoover (Rep) party realignment 1932
Southern realignment - gradually over the four decades since 1968.
pattern of a divided party government president is of one party, Congress a majority of another.
party system has dealigned rather than realigned
Feds had capitalist interests Dem-Reps had agrarian
The First Party System (1796-1824)
Democrats vs. Whigs 1826-1856
The Two Republican Eras (1860-1928)
The New Deal Coalition (1932-1964)
Southern Realignment and the Era of Divided Party Government (1968-Present)
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