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First Intercontinental Ballistic Missile is fired. This marks the beginning of the space race, as it is the first successful long range rocket to be fired.
Sputnik 1 is launched into orbit, it is the first satellite in space.
Explorer 1-ABMA is launched, it is the first US Satalite to reach orbit.
Luna 2 is successfully launched, and is the first projectile to impact the moon
Sputnik 5 is successfully recovered from orbit, making its passangeres the first living things to return from space
Yuri Gagarin is the first human in space, aboard Vostok 1
Alan Shepard becomes the first human to return from space in craft he took off in aboard Freedom 7
First successful communications satellite launched, Telstar-AT&T
Valentina Tereshkova becomes the first woman in space, as well as the first civilian in space, aboard Vostok 6
First "Extra-Vehicular Activity" or a spacewalk this is an important moment in the space race, as exiting the craft in space is necessary for a moon landing. (Conducted on Voskhod 2)
First soft landing on the moon (Luna 9 is not destroyed on impact)
The Apollo 11 crew become the first humans to land on the moon
Salyut 1 is the first manned space station launched
First lunar rover pioloted by humans is launched from Apollo 15 on the moon
The Apollo–Soyuz Test Project is first space mission involving US and USSR efforts is launched, effectively ending the space race
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