Periodic Table Timeline
3 months ago
More than 60 elements had been discovered.
A group of chemists assembled at the First International Congress of Chemists in Karlsruhe, Germany to settle the issue of atomic mass as well as some other matters that were making communication difficult. Stainslao Cannizzaro presented a convincing method for accurately measuring the relative masses of atoms. His method enabled chemists to agree on standard values for atomic mass and initiated a search for relationships between atomic mass and other properties of the elements.
Dmitri Mendeleev publishes his first periodic table he made that was arranged in order of increasing atomic mass, the similarities of the elements appeared at regular intervals in a periodic pattern. There were several empty spaces in his table.
Mendeleev predicted the existence and properties of the elements that would fill three of the spaces.
All three missing elements are discovered (Scandium, Gallium, Germanium)
Helium is discovered
John Williams Strutt and Sir WIlliam Ramsay discover Argon
Ramsay discovered two more noble gases, Krypton and Xenon
Friedrich Ernest Dorn discovered the final noble gas Radon.
Early 1900s: Lanthanides were finally understood. Actinides were discovered.
Henry Moseley worked with Ernest Rutherford and while analyzing different metals, realized an unrecognized pattern. Moseley’s work led to both the modern definition of atomic number and the recognition that atomic number is the basis for the organization of the periodic table. This conclusion led to Mendeleev’s table to undergo extensive change.
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