July 10, 2020
For educational institutions
Plessy to NAACP
⟶ Updated 14 Dec 2017 ⟶
List of edits
Plessy v. Fergunson
The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that racially separate facilities, if equal, did not violate the Constitution. Segregation, the Court said, was not discrimination.
Brown Board of Education
W. E. B. DU BOIS helped to establish the NAACP and entered into the forefront of the early U.S., civil rights movement.
JIM CROW LAWS
African Americans Fight legal Discriminations
Niagara Falls Movement
Trotter led a delegation of blacks to meet with the president Woodrow Wilson, on November 12, 1914 to discuss the surge of segregation. Trotter began with a reference to their 1913 meeting and to the petition he had presented, containing 20,000 signatures “from thirty-eight states protesting against the segregation of employees of the national government.”
Normal and Industrial Institution
Booker T. Washington delivers a speech calling for a moderate approach to race relations. W.E.B. Du Bois attacked Booker T. Washington’s Atlanta Compromise speech accusing him of abandoning the fight for black political rights and accepting segregation in exchange for deceptive economic gains
The Crisis, the official magazine of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People was founded in 1910 by W. E. B. Du Bois
Guinn v. United States
During WWI the newly-formed NAACP led the fight against discrimination and segregation and to prevent mistreatment of African Americans in the military
The East St. Louis riot May 1917 was an outbreak of labor and race-related violence in the city of East St. Louis, Illinois
Member Rosa Parks was arrested and fined for refusing to give up her seat on a segregated bus in Montgomery, Alabama.
Martin Luther King became involved in protests against the incident involving Rosa Parks and the Montgomery Bus Boycott began.
Civil Rights Act of 1866, which gave African Americans citizenship and forbade states from passing discriminatory laws- Black Codes- that severely restricted African Americans' lives.
Mississippi and South Carolina had first enacted black codes in 1865, and other Southern states had rapidly followed suit.
Civil Rights Act
15th Amendment (Ratified)
African Americans, who made up the largest group of Southern Republicans gained voting rights as a result of the Fifteen Amendment. During Reconstruction, African American men registered to vote for the first time; nine out of ten of them supported the Republican Party.
Tenant Farming System
Ku Klux Klan (KKK)
U.S. v. Cruikshank
Exodusters- African Americans who moved from the post- Reconstruction South to Kansas.
Chinese Exclusion Act
Susan B. Anthony
In 1869 Anthony and Elizabeth Candy Stanton had founded the National Women Suffrage Association (NWSA), which united with another group in 1890 to become the National American Women Suffrage Association, or NAWSA.
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