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History of Medicine
3 months ago
Hans & Zacharias Janssen invented 1st compound microscope
Galileo Galilei invented his version of compound microscope
Marcello Malpighi identified capillaries
Robert Hooke published Micrographia
Lady Mary Wortley Montagu popularised variolation
Luigi Galvani came up with concept of 'animal electricity'
Jenner performed key experiment
farmer transferred cowpox to wife and kids
German teacher vaccinated his 3 kids with cowpox
Jenner coined term "vaccination"
more precise microscopes made
Jenner awarded by government
WHO launched vaccination programme to eradicate smallpox
last reported case of smallpox
end of smallpox
Morphine 1st marketed
Schwann & Schleiden proposed 'cell doctrine'
John Snow's discovery
Cholera Outbreak in London
Louis Pasteur discovered pasteurisation
Rudolf Buccheim 1st professor of pharmacology
Alexander Wood invented hypo- dermic needle
Pasteur wanted to establish cause of inf- ectious diseases
Rudolf Virchow 'cell theory'
Pasteur announced immunisation against anthrax
William Crookes developed the Crookes tube
Oswald Schmiedeberg published "outline of pharmacology"
Pasteur's public inoculation of animals
Pasteur cured people of rabies
X-rays discovered by Rontgen
Alexander Fleming discovered lysozyme
Banting and Macleod won nobel prize for discovery of insulin
Alexander Fleming discovered penicillin
Fleming published discovery of penicillin
TEM designed by Ernst Ruska SEM designed by Max Knoll
Mass production and distribution of penicillin
organ transplant first feasible
first cornea transplant
blood transfusion established
1st kidney transplant
Watson & Crick report DNA double helix structure
1st liver transplant
Nirenberg & Khorana crack triplet code
1st heart transplant
1st whole body MRI scan
1st bone marrow transplant
1st gene isolated
kidney donor card
Cohen & Boyer invent genetic engineering
1st genetic engineering company founded
'plastination' developed by Gunther Von Hagens
organ donor card
1st combined heart and lung transplant
Gusella locates genetic marker for Huntington's
1st complete lung transplant
1st partial face transplant
Human Genome Project launched
1st complete DNA sequence of eukaryote
1st genome of multicellular organism
Viagra licensing application submitted
Entire Human Genome completed
Ebers Papyrus written - detailing channel theory
Edwin Smith Papyrus written
Alcmaeon of Croton described health as balance of hot/cold and wet/dry
"Archemedes heat ray"
Chinese recognised small pox survivors didnt contract disease when exposed again
Nero 1st used 'sunglasses'?
Abbas Firnas produced 1st reading aid - "the reading stone"
Al Rhazi - distinction between measles and smallpox Abul Kasim - 1st description of haemophilia
1st European medical school
Salvino D'Armate developed 1st wearable glasses
Johannes Guttenberg developed the printing press
Martin Luther started refor- mation of roman catholic church
Andreas Vesalius published "De Humani Corporis Fabrica"
Andreas Vesalius allowed to perform dissections on executed prisoners
Barber-Surgeons company founded
Development of 'quack' potions/ patent medicines
Leonardo Da Vinci
Anton Van Leeuwenhoek
Fleming tried and failed to isolate penicillin
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