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hystory of newspaper
12 Dec 2017
The modern newspaper is a European invention. The oldest direct ancestors of the modern newspaper were the handwritten news sheets that circulated widely in Venice as early as 1566
The first printed newspapers were published weekly in Germany from 1609
After the English government relaxed censorship in 1695, newspapers flourished in London and a few other cities including Boston and Philadelphia.
By the 1830s high speed presses could print thousands of papers cheaply, so low cost daily papers appeared in major cities. Most had political sponsors
but by 1900 advertising revenues became more important than party support
The rise of radio in the 1930s had a small impact
But television from the 1950s onward undercut the audience
The rise of the internet after 2000
First newspapers The term newspaper became common in the 16th century
The German-language Relation aller Fürnemmen und gedenckwürdigen Historien, printed from 1605 onwards by Johann Carolus in Strasbourg, was the first newspaper
Other early papers include the Dutch Courante uyt Italien, Duytslandt, &c. of 1618 which was the first to appear in folio- rather than quarto- size. Amsterdam, a center of world trade, quickly became home to newspapers in many languages, often before they were published in their own country
The first English-language newspaper, Corrant out of Italy, Germany, etc., was published in Amsterdam in 1620. A year and a half later, Corante, or weekely newes from Italy, Germany, Hungary, Poland, Bohemia, France and the Low Countreys. was published in England by an "N.B." (generally thought to be either Nathaniel Butter or Nicholas Bourne) and Thomas Archer
The first newspaper in France was published in 1631, La Gazette (originally published as Gazette de France)
The first newspaper in Portugal, A Gazeta da Restauração, was published in 1641 in Lisbon
The first Spanish newspaper, Gaceta de Madrid, was published in 1661.
British newspapers On 7 November 1665, The London Gazette (at first called The Oxford Gazette) began publication. It decisively changed the look of English news printing, echoing the coranto format of two columns, a clear title, and a clear date. It was published twice a week. Other English papers started to publish three times a week, and later the first daily papers emerged
North America In Boston in 1690, Benjamin Harris published Publick Occurrences Both Forreign and Domestick. This is considered the first newspaper in the American colonies even though only one edition was published before the paper was suppressed by the colonial officials, possibly due to censorship and control issues. It followed the two-column format and was a single sheet, printed on both sides.
In 1704, the governor allowed The Boston News-Letter, a weekly, to be published, and it became the first continuously published newspaper in the colonies. Soon after, weekly papers began publishing in New York and Philadelphia.
The second English-language newspaper in the Americas was the Weekly Jamaica Courant. These early newspapers followed the British format and were usually four pages long. They mostly carried news from Britain and content depended on the editor’s interests. In 1783, the Pennsylvania Evening Post became the first American daily.
In 1751, John Bushell published the Halifax Gazette, the first Canadian newspaper.
German states Germany invented printing, and produced the first newspapers. However, Germany was divided into so many competing states that before unification in 1871, no newspaper played a dominant role.
India Front page of Hicky's Bengal Gazette, the first newspaper printed in Asia. In 1766, a Dutch adventurer, William Bolts, proposed starting a newspaper for the English audience in Calcutta.
India In January 1780, James Augustus Hicky published Hicky's Bengal Gazette, the first newspaper in India. The size of that four-page newspaper was 12"x8".
16th century to 1800 Avvisi, or Gazzettes (not gazettes), were a mid-16th-century Venice phenomenon. They were issued on single sheets, folded to form four pages, and issued on a weekly schedule. These publications reached a larger audience than handwritten news had in early Rome. Their format and appearance at regular intervals were two major influences on the newspaper as we know it today. The idea of a weekly, handwritten newssheet went from Italy to Germany and then to Holland.
The first successful English daily, The Daily Courant, was published from 1702 to 1735
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