June 15, 2020
For educational institutions
history with Blaine
⟶ Updated 12 Dec 2017 ⟶
List of edits
King Christian IV chartered the Danish East India Trading Company in 1616
Admiral Gjedde lead to first expedition to what is now Sri Lanka. The expedition took two years to complete and once the Danes arrived there, Portugal had already claimed the land.
One the 10th of May 1620, Portugal signed a treaty with Denmark allowing them to settle at Trincomalee
Also in 1620, the Danish decided to land in India, to which on November 19th, 1620, Raghunatha Nayak, the ruler of the Tanjore Kingdom, agreed to let the Danes have control of Tranquebar and approval to trade in the kingdom
During 1624-1636, the Danes grew their trading to towns like Surat, Bengal, Borneo and many others. The Danish East India Company had a large amount of tea which was snuck into and sold in England. (Beginning)
Finally, the first Danish company was ruined by wars over in Europe that destroyed the company and ended trade between 1643-1669. (Beginning)
by 1627 the Danes were so poor that they only had three ships left and couldn’t pay the Nayak people which they had agreed to do in exchange for their land. This grew tensions.
the first Danish company was ruined by redirection of danish money and national resources to the Thirty Years’ War over in Europe that destroyed the company and ended trade between 1643-1669.
In 1642 the Company initiated war on the Mogul Empire, who controlled most of Europe and Pakistan, by sending raiding ships to the Bay of Bengal. Eventually they gained one of the Mogul emperor's ship took it back to Tranquebar to sell the goods.
Eventually in 1648 the Danish company falls because of the Dutch gaining more land, Nayak attacks on the Danish, and bankruptcy.
Even though the company fell, there were still Danish people settled in Tranquebar. The last Dane that was living in Tranquebar managed to keep the town in Danish control against the angry Nayak by using the money that should’ve been paired to the Nayak and instead using it to hire Portuguese defenders and to build a wall around the town. Reports of this in Denmark led the Danish government to send a ship back down to Tranquebar. The ship arrived in 1669.
The Danish gained 2 trading outposts: Oddeway Torre in 1696 and Dannemarksnagore in 1698. The Nayak also allowed Tranquebar to grow and include three local villages.
On June 9th 1706, Frederick IV, the new king of Denmark, sent two Protestant missionaries to India, Heinrich Lutchshau and Bartholomeus Ziegenbalg.
In Denmark, King Christian VI endorses a charter of a third monopolistic company named the Asiatic Company on April 12th 1732 to emphasize trading in Asia.
Because of the King’s bill, throughout the 1730’s Asian and Danish trading becomes more secure. The Danes mainly acquired cotton fabrics.
In November of 1754, a meeting occurs between Danish officials, after which they decide to plant cinnamon, sugarcane, pepper, cotton and coffee.
In December 1755 Danish settlers reached the Andaman Islands, but shortly after their arrival came multiple outbreaks of malaria and because of this the Islands were permanently abandoned in 1848.
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