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English America in the 1600s
10 Dec 2017
1689: Jacob Leisler attempts to overthrow the rich of New York in the name of the new king.
1689: John Coode takes control of Mayland in the name of the new monarchy.
1607: The London Company founds the colony of Jamestown, within the territory of the Powhatan.
1608: Captain John Smith becomes council president, stops the collapse of Jamestown.
1609: The winter that becomes known as the “starving time” occurs in Jamestown, continues into 1610
1610: Lord De La Warr takes control of Jamestown.
1612: John Rolfe plants tobacco in Jamestown, starting a major business.
1618: The “headright” system is established to attract more colonists.
July 30, 1619: The democratic House of Burgesses is established.
1632: Maryland, the dream of George Calvert, is founded by his son.
1649: The “Act Concerning Religion” is put in place in Maryland.
1676: Nathaniel Bacon leads a rebellion in Virginia
1620: The pilgrims sign the Mayflower Compact, and on December 21, step onto Plymouth rock.
1621: The pilgrims mark their alliance with natives like Squanto with a feast.
1622: Miles Standish establishes a military regime in Plymouth
1621: Governor William Bradford convinces the British to allow the Puritans to stay.
1630: The Massachusetts Bay Colony is founded as a haven for Puritans, with John Winthrop as governor. It was built as a “city upon a hill” for the rest of the world.
1635: Hartford founded with the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut.
1639: Another, stricter, Connecticut colony is founded with the Fundamental Articles of New Haven.
1644: William Bradford receives a charter for his colony of Rhode Island.
1636: Anne Hutchinson is put on trial for heresy.
Mid 1630s: Much of the native population has been wiped out in colonized areas, some convert to Christianity, becoming “praying Indians”.
1642: Sir William Berkeley arrives in Virginia as governor.
1637: The Pequot War breaks out in the Connecticut valley.
1675: King Philip’s war begins, led by king Metacomet, who made use of advanced flintlock rifles, Ends in 1678.
1642: The English Civil War begins, with the victorious parliament forces being led by Oliver Cromwell. Ends in 1649
1660: Charles II restores the monarchy, and begins to set up proprietary ventures.
1669: Utopian Fundamental Constitution for Carolina drawn up.
1664: Peter Stuyvesant surrenders New Netherland to the English with the Articles of Capitulation. Before and after capitulation, much of society controlled by wealthy “patroons”.
1681: William Penn receives a grant for Pennsylvania, a refuge for the Society of Friends, who believed in the concept of “inner light”.
1660: To protect the mercantile system, the first Navigation Act is passed, barring non-English ships from trading with the colonies.
1701: Penn signs the Charter of Liberties.
1663: The second Navigation Act is passed, requiring all trade to the colonies pass through England.
1673: The third Navigation Act passes, providing customs officials to enforce the previous 2.
1686: Single Dominion of New England established by James II.
1688: James II is overthrown in the Glorious Revolution.
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