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The Romans undertake the conquest of Hispania, Latin name of the Greek Iberia, and impose in that territory the vulgar Latin, an Italic language belonging to the Indo-European trunk. The evolution of Latin, which had contact in Hispania and other regions of the Mediterranean with the languages of the Greeks and Basques, gave rise to what are now called Romance languages, among them Spanish or Castilian.
Roman domination ends in Hispania, after sowing the seed of the Castilian Romance language, as 'daughter' of the vulgar Latin and the Greek, although in that territory several suffixes from the pre-Roman period were preserved, even today. arro 'and' orro ', and the ending in' z 'of many Spanish surnames.
King Alfonso X made Castilian the official language of the kingdom of Castile and Leon, the predominant one in the Iberian Peninsula, and ordered to compose in that Romance language, and not in Latin, the legal, historical and astronomical works of the kingdom
The Spanish or Castilian language is nourished by Italianisms that form words like 'shotgun' and 'aspaviento'; Gallicisms that gave rise to words such as 'paje', 'sergeant', 'garden' and 'cage', and Americanisms such as 'cóndor', 'alpaca', 'vicuña', 'pampa', 'puma', 'canoa', 'hurricane', 'corn', 'hummingbird', 'cacique', 'caribe', 'cannibal', 'chocolate', 'avocado', 'tomato', 'rubber' and 'cocoa', which come from several of the 123 families of indigenous languages of America.
In 1713 the Royal Spanish Academy of the Language was founded, a fact that marked the beginning of contemporary Spanish.
A Congress of the Spanish Language is held in Seville (Spain). The first formal Congress was held in Zacatecas (Mexico) in 1997, the second in Valladolid (Spain) in 2001, the third in Rosario (Argentina) in 2004 and the fourth will be held between March 26 and 29 in Cartagena of the Indies (Colombia).
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